Synthesis of Novel Pyrazinamide Derivatives Based on 3-Chloropyrazine-2-carboxamide and Their Antimicrobial Evaluation
AbstractAminodehalogenation of 3-chloropyrazine-2-carboxamide with variously substituted benzylamines yielded a series of fifteen 3-benzylaminopyrazine-2-carboxamides. Four compounds possessed in vitro whole cell activity against Mycobacterium tuberculosis H37Rv that was at least equivalent to that of the standard pyrazinamide. MIC values ranged from 6 to 42 μM. The best MIC (6 μM) was displayed by 3-[(4-methylbenzyl)amino]pyrazine-2-carboxamide (8) that also showed low cytotoxicity in the HepG2 cell line (IC50 ≥ 250 μM). Only moderate activity against Enterococcus faecalis and Staphylococcus aureus was observed. No activity was detected against any of tested fungal strains. Molecular docking with mycobacterial enoyl-ACP reductase (InhA) was performed to investigate the possible target of the prepared compounds. Active compounds shared common binding interactions of known InhAinhibitors. Antimycobacterial activity of the title compounds was compared to the previously published benzylamino-substituted pyrazines with differing substitution on the pyrazine core (carbonitrile moiety). The title series possessed comparable activity and lower cytotoxicity than molecules containing a carbonitrile group on the pyrazine ring. View Full-Text
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Jandourek, O.; Tauchman, M.; Paterova, P.; Konecna, K.; Navratilova, L.; Kubicek, V.; Holas, O.; Zitko, J.; Dolezal, M. Synthesis of Novel Pyrazinamide Derivatives Based on 3-Chloropyrazine-2-carboxamide and Their Antimicrobial Evaluation. Molecules 2017, 22, 223.
Jandourek O, Tauchman M, Paterova P, Konecna K, Navratilova L, Kubicek V, Holas O, Zitko J, Dolezal M. Synthesis of Novel Pyrazinamide Derivatives Based on 3-Chloropyrazine-2-carboxamide and Their Antimicrobial Evaluation. Molecules. 2017; 22(2):223.Chicago/Turabian Style
Jandourek, Ondrej; Tauchman, Marek; Paterova, Pavla; Konecna, Klara; Navratilova, Lucie; Kubicek, Vladimir; Holas, Ondrej; Zitko, Jan; Dolezal, Martin. 2017. "Synthesis of Novel Pyrazinamide Derivatives Based on 3-Chloropyrazine-2-carboxamide and Their Antimicrobial Evaluation." Molecules 22, no. 2: 223.
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