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Molecules 2017, 22(12), 2244; doi:10.3390/molecules22122244

Bioremediation of Synthetic and Industrial Effluents by Aspergillus niger Isolated from Contaminated Soil Following a Sequential Strategy

1
Department of Applied Chemistry & Biochemistry, Government College University Faisalabad, Faisalabad 38000, Pakistan
2
Department of Biotechnology and Bioinformatics, Government College University Faisalabad, Faisalabad 38000, Pakistan
3
Department of Zoology, Government College University Faisalabad, Faisalabad 38000, Pakistan
4
Department of Environmental Science, Lahore College for Women University, Lahore 58000, Pakistan
5
Department of Public Administration, Government College University Faisalabad, Faisalabad 38000, Pakistan
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 19 November 2017 / Revised: 14 December 2017 / Accepted: 14 December 2017 / Published: 16 December 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Chemical Transformation of Renewable Material for Green Chemistry)
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Abstract

The present study aimed to assess and compare the ability to remediate synthetic textile and industrial wastewaters by Fenton treatment, a biological system and sequential treatments using Aspergillus niger (A. niger). All studied treatments were found to be effective in decolorization of the effluents under study. Fenton treatment followed by A. niger showed excellent potential for the maximum decolorization of the synthetic and industrial effluents under study. The effectiveness of sequential treatment was evaluated by water quality parameters such as total organic carbon (TOC), Biological Oxygen Demand (BOD5) and Chemical Oxygen Demand (COD) before and after each treatment. The results indicated that A. niger is an effective candidate for detoxification of textile wastewaters. View Full-Text
Keywords: Aspergillus niger (A. niger) isolation; Fenton treatment; biological treatment; decolorization; ligninolytic enzymes; sequential treatment; mineralization study Aspergillus niger (A. niger) isolation; Fenton treatment; biological treatment; decolorization; ligninolytic enzymes; sequential treatment; mineralization study
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Gulzar, T.; Huma, T.; Jalal, F.; Iqbal, S.; Abrar, S.; Kiran, S.; Nosheen, S.; Hussain, W.; Rafique, M.A. Bioremediation of Synthetic and Industrial Effluents by Aspergillus niger Isolated from Contaminated Soil Following a Sequential Strategy. Molecules 2017, 22, 2244.

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