Optimization of Bioactive Polyphenols Extraction from Picea Mariana Bark
AbstractReported for its antioxidant, anti-inflammatory and non-toxicity properties, the hot water extract of Picea mariana bark was demonstrated to contain highly valuable bioactive polyphenols. In order to improve the recovery of these molecules, an optimization of the extraction was performed using water. Several extraction parameters were tested and extracts obtained analyzed both in terms of relative amounts of different phytochemical families and of individual molecules concentrations. As a result, low temperature (80 °C) and low ratio of bark/water (50 mg/mL) were determined to be the best parameters for an efficient polyphenol extraction and that especially for low molecular mass polyphenols. These were identified as stilbene monomers and derivatives, mainly stilbene glucoside isorhapontin (up to 12.0% of the dry extract), astringin (up to 4.6%), resveratrol (up to 0.3%), isorhapontigenin (up to 3.7%) and resveratrol glucoside piceid (up to 3.1%) which is here reported for the first time for Picea mariana. New stilbene derivatives, piceasides O and P were also characterized herein as new isorhapontin dimers. This study provides novel information about the optimal extraction of polyphenols from black spruce bark, especially for highly bioactive stilbenes including the trans-resveratrol.
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Francezon, N.; Meda, N.-S.-B.; Stevanovic, T. Optimization of Bioactive Polyphenols Extraction from Picea Mariana Bark. Molecules 2017, 22, 2118.
Francezon N, Meda N-S-B, Stevanovic T. Optimization of Bioactive Polyphenols Extraction from Picea Mariana Bark. Molecules. 2017; 22(12):2118.Chicago/Turabian Style
Francezon, Nellie; Meda, Naamwin-So-Bâwfu Romaric; Stevanovic, Tatjana. 2017. "Optimization of Bioactive Polyphenols Extraction from Picea Mariana Bark." Molecules 22, no. 12: 2118.
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