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Molecules 2017, 22(12), 2103; doi:10.3390/molecules22122103

Nanoparticle/Metal–Organic Framework Composites for Catalytic Applications: Current Status and Perspective

1
Collaborative Innovation Center of Chemical Science and Engineering, School of Chemical Engineering and Technology, Tianjin University, Tianjin 300072, China
2
Department of Chemistry, Tianjin University, Tianjin 300350, China
3
Voiland School of Chemical Engineering and Bioengineering, Washington State University, Pullman, WA 99164, USA
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 31 October 2017 / Revised: 26 November 2017 / Accepted: 27 November 2017 / Published: 30 November 2017
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Abstract

Nanoparticle/metal–organic frameworks (MOF) based composites have recently attracted significant attention as a new class of catalysts. Such composites possess the unique features of MOFs (including clearly defined crystal structure, high surface area, single site catalyst, special confined nanopore, tunable, and uniform pore structure), but avoid some intrinsic weaknesses (like limited electrical conductivity and lack in the “conventional” catalytically active sites). This review summarizes the developed strategies for the fabrication of nanoparticle/MOF composites for catalyst uses, including the strategy using MOFs as host materials to hold and stabilize the guest nanoparticles, the strategy with subsequent MOF growth/assembly around pre-synthesized nanoparticles and the strategy mixing the precursors of NPs and MOFs together, followed by self-assembly process or post-treatment or post-modification. The applications of nanoparticle/MOF composites for CO oxidation, CO2 conversion, hydrogen production, organic transformations, and degradation of pollutants have been discussed. Superior catalytic performances in these reactions have been demonstrated. Challenges and future developments are finally addressed. View Full-Text
Keywords: metal–organic frameworks; MOF; nanoparticle; composites; catalyst; photocatalyst metal–organic frameworks; MOF; nanoparticle; composites; catalyst; photocatalyst
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Xiang, W.; Zhang, Y.; Lin, H.; Liu, C.-J. Nanoparticle/Metal–Organic Framework Composites for Catalytic Applications: Current Status and Perspective. Molecules 2017, 22, 2103.

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