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Molecules 2017, 22(11), 1903; doi:10.3390/molecules22111903

Effects of Chitooligosaccharide Coating Combined with Selected Ionic Polymers on the Stimulation of Ornithogalum saundersiae Growth

1
Department of Horticulture, West Pomeranian University of Technology, 3 Papieża Pawła VI Str., 71-434 Szczecin, Poland
2
Center of Bioimmobilisation and Innovative Packaging Materials, West Pomeranian University of Technology, 35 Janickiego Str., 71-270 Szczecin, Poland
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 15 October 2017 / Revised: 2 November 2017 / Accepted: 4 November 2017 / Published: 4 November 2017
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Abstract

Recently, agricultural and horticultural sectors have shown an increased interest in the use of biopolymers and their derivatives as growth biostimulators. So far, coating is a little known method of applying the biostimulators. Our three-year study investigated coating the bulbs of Ornithogalum saundersiae with chitooligosaccharide (COS), sodium alginate, carrageenan, gellan gum and xanthan gum. The coating method was based on the formation of polyelectrolyte complexes. The COS with 48,000 g mol−1 molecular weight was contained by means of controlled free-radical degradation. Biopolymer coatings stimulated plant growth and flowering, total chlorophyll content, total polyphenol content and the levels of nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium and boron. The plants grown from the bulbs coated with COS + gellan gum exhibited the most vigorous growth, were first to flower, showed the highest antioxidant activity (DPPH), and the greatest content of pigments, polyphenols, l-ascorbic acid, potassium, phosphorus, zinc and manganese. These results suggest COS formulated with gellan gum shows promise as a potential biostimulator of plant growth. View Full-Text
Keywords: oligochitosan; gellan gum; plant promoter; physiological attributes; geophytes oligochitosan; gellan gum; plant promoter; physiological attributes; geophytes
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Salachna, P.; Grzeszczuk, M.; Soból, M. Effects of Chitooligosaccharide Coating Combined with Selected Ionic Polymers on the Stimulation of Ornithogalum saundersiae Growth. Molecules 2017, 22, 1903.

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