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Molecules 2017, 22(1), 68; doi:10.3390/molecules22010068

Grape Polyphenols’ Effects in Human Cardiovascular Diseases and Diabetes

1
Université de Bordeaux, ISVV, Institut des Sciences de la Vigne et du Vin, EA 4577 Œnologie, 210 Chemin de Leysotte, Villenave d’Ornon F-33140, France
2
INRA, Instiut National de la Recherche Agronomique, ISVV, Institut des Sciences de la Vigne et du Vin, USC 1366 Œnologie, 210 Chemin de Leysotte, Villenave d’Ornon F-33140, France
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Rosa M. Lamuela-Raventós
Received: 4 December 2016 / Revised: 20 December 2016 / Accepted: 29 December 2016 / Published: 1 January 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Polyphenols and Cardiovascular Disease)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [918 KB, uploaded 1 January 2017]   |  

Abstract

The consumption of fruits and vegetables, as well as foods enriched in bioactive compounds and nutraceuticals, has increased due to consumers’ interest in the relevance of food composition for human health. Considerable recent interest has focused on bioactive phenolic compounds in grape, as they possess many biological activities, such as antioxidant, cardioprotective, anticancer, anti-inflammation, anti-ageing and antimicrobial properties. Observational studies indicate that the intake of polyphenol-rich foods improves vascular health, thereby significantly reducing the risk of hypertension, and cardiovascular disease (CVD). Other researchers have described the benefits of a grape polyphenol-rich diet for other types of maladies such as diabetes mellitus. This is a comprehensive review on the consumption of polyphenolic grape compounds, concerning their potential benefits for human health in the treatment of cardiovascular diseases and diabetes. View Full-Text
Keywords: grape polyphenols; cardiovascular diseases; type 2 diabetes; dietary antioxidant grape polyphenols; cardiovascular diseases; type 2 diabetes; dietary antioxidant
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Rasines-Perea, Z.; Teissedre, P.-L. Grape Polyphenols’ Effects in Human Cardiovascular Diseases and Diabetes. Molecules 2017, 22, 68.

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