Osimertinib (AZD9291), a Mutant-Selective EGFR Inhibitor, Reverses ABCB1-Mediated Drug Resistance in Cancer Cells
AbstractIn recent years, tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) have been shown capable of inhibiting the ATP-binding cassette (ABC) transporter-mediated multidrug resistance (MDR). In this study, we determine whether osimertinib, a novel selective, irreversible EGFR (epidermal growth factor receptor) TKI, could reverse ABC transporter-mediated MDR. The results showed that, at non-toxic concentrations, osimertinib significantly sensitized both ABCB1-transfected and drug-selected cell lines to substrate anticancer drugs colchicine, paclitaxel, and vincristine. Osimertinib significantly increased the accumulation of [3H]-paclitaxel in ABCB1 overexpressing cells by blocking the efflux function of ABCB1 transporter. In contrast, no significant alteration in the expression levels and localization pattern of ABCB1 was observed when ABCB1 overexpressing cells were exposed to 0.3 µM osimertinib for 72 h. In addition, ATPase assay showed osimertinib stimulated ABCB1 ATPase activity. Molecular docking and molecular dynamic simulations showed osimertinib has strong and stable interactions at the transmembrane domain of human homology ABCB1. Taken together, our findings suggest that osimertinib, a clinically-approved third-generation EGFR TKI, can reverse ABCB1-mediated MDR, which supports the combination therapy with osimertinib and ABCB1 substrates may potentially be a novel therapeutic stategy in ABCB1-positive drug resistant cancers. View Full-Text
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Zhang, X.-Y.; Zhang, Y.-K.; Wang, Y.-J.; Gupta, P.; Zeng, L.; Xu, M.; Wang, X.-Q.; Yang, D.-H.; Chen, Z.-S. Osimertinib (AZD9291), a Mutant-Selective EGFR Inhibitor, Reverses ABCB1-Mediated Drug Resistance in Cancer Cells. Molecules 2016, 21, 1236.
Zhang X-Y, Zhang Y-K, Wang Y-J, Gupta P, Zeng L, Xu M, Wang X-Q, Yang D-H, Chen Z-S. Osimertinib (AZD9291), a Mutant-Selective EGFR Inhibitor, Reverses ABCB1-Mediated Drug Resistance in Cancer Cells. Molecules. 2016; 21(9):1236.Chicago/Turabian Style
Zhang, Xiao-Yu; Zhang, Yun-Kai; Wang, Yi-Jun; Gupta, Pranav; Zeng, Leli; Xu, Megan; Wang, Xiu-Qi; Yang, Dong-Hua; Chen, Zhe-Sheng. 2016. "Osimertinib (AZD9291), a Mutant-Selective EGFR Inhibitor, Reverses ABCB1-Mediated Drug Resistance in Cancer Cells." Molecules 21, no. 9: 1236.
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