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Molecules 2016, 21(8), 982; doi:10.3390/molecules21080982

Prenylated Chalcone 2 Acts as an Antimitotic Agent and Enhances the Chemosensitivity of Tumor Cells to Paclitaxel

1
CESPU, Instituto de Investigação e Formação Avançada em Ciências e Tecnologias da Saúde, IINFACTS, 4585-116 Gandra PRD, Portugal
2
Center for Biomedical Research, CBMR, University of Algarve, 8005-139 Faro, Portugal
3
Departamento Ciências Biomédicas e Medicina, University of Algarve, 8005-139 Faro, Portugal
4
Laboratório de Química Orgânica e Farmacêutica, Departamento de Ciências Químicas, Faculdade de Farmácia, Universidade do Porto, 4050-313 Porto, Portugal
5
Centro Interdisciplinar de Investigação Marinha e Ambiental (CIIMAR/CIMAR), Universidade do Porto, 4050-123 Porto, Portugal
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Helena Vasconcelos
Received: 8 June 2016 / Revised: 11 July 2016 / Accepted: 21 July 2016 / Published: 29 July 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue New Approaches to Counteract Drug Resistance in Cancer)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [3556 KB, uploaded 29 July 2016]   |  

Abstract

We previously reported that prenylated chalcone 2 (PC2), the O-prenyl derivative (2) of 2′-hydroxy-3,4,4′,5,6′-pentamethoxychalcone (1), induced cytotoxicity of tumor cells via disruption of p53-MDM2 interaction. However, the cellular changes through which PC2 exerts its cytotoxic activity and its antitumor potential, remain to be addressed. In the present work, we aimed to (i) characterize the effect of PC2 on mitotic progression and the underlying mechanism; and to (ii) explore this information to evaluate its ability to sensitize tumor cells to paclitaxel in a combination regimen. PC2 was able to arrest breast adenocarcinoma MCF-7 and non-small cell lung cancer NCI-H460 cells in mitosis. All mitosis-arrested cells showed collapsed mitotic spindles with randomly distributed chromosomes, and activated spindle assembly checkpoint. Live-cell imaging revealed that the compound induced a prolonged delay (up to 14 h) in mitosis, culminating in massive cell death by blebbing. Importantly, PC2 in combination with paclitaxel enhanced the effect on cell growth inhibition as determined by cell viability and proliferation assays. Our findings demonstrate that the cytotoxicity induced by PC2 is mediated through antimitotic activity as a result of mitotic spindle damage. The enhancement effects of PC2 on chemosensitivity of cancer cells to paclitaxel encourage further validation of the clinical potential of this combination. View Full-Text
Keywords: prenylchalcone; antimitotic; mitotic spindle damage; apoptosis; paclitaxel chemosensitivity; drug resistance; cancer chemotherapy prenylchalcone; antimitotic; mitotic spindle damage; apoptosis; paclitaxel chemosensitivity; drug resistance; cancer chemotherapy
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MDPI and ACS Style

Fonseca, J.; Marques, S.; Silva, P.M.A.; Brandão, P.; Cidade, H.; Pinto, M.M.; Bousbaa, H. Prenylated Chalcone 2 Acts as an Antimitotic Agent and Enhances the Chemosensitivity of Tumor Cells to Paclitaxel. Molecules 2016, 21, 982.

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