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Molecules 2016, 21(6), 681; doi:10.3390/molecules21060681

Ethanolic Extract of Acanthopanax koreanum Nakai Alleviates Alcoholic Liver Damage Combined with a High-Fat Diet in C57BL/6J Mice

1
Department of Nutritional Science and Food Management, Ewha Womans University, 52 Ewhayeodae-gil, Seodaemun-gu, Seoul 03760, Korea
2
Department of Biomedical Laboratory Science, Eulji University, Seongnam, Gyeonggi-do 13135, Korea
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Derek J. McPhee
Received: 20 March 2016 / Revised: 15 May 2016 / Accepted: 18 May 2016 / Published: 24 May 2016
(This article belongs to the Section Medicinal Chemistry)
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Abstract

Alcoholic and nonalcoholic liver steatosis have an indistinguishable spectrum of histological features and liver enzyme elevations. In this study, we investigated the potential of the ethanolic extract of Acanthopanax koreanum Nakai (AK) to protect against experimental alcoholic liver disease in a mouse model that couples diet and daily ethanol bolus gavage. Fifty-six C57BL/6J mice were randomly divided into seven groups: normal control (NC), alcohol control (AC), alcohol/HFD control (AH), low-dose (1%) AK in alcohol group (ACL), high-dose (3%) AK in alcohol group (ACH), low-dose AK in alcohol/HFD group (AHL), and high-dose AK in alcohol/HFD group (AHH). The AH group showed more severe damage than the AC group in terms of biochemical and molecular data that were observed in this study. The administration of AK exerted remarkable effects in: plasma ALT (p < 0.0001), total lipid (p = 0.014), TG (p = 0.0037) levels; CPT-1α (p = 0.0197), TLR4 (p < 0.0001), CD14 (p = 0.0002), IL-6 (p = 0.0264) and MCP-1 (p = 0.0045) gene expressions; and ALDH (p < 0.0001) and CAT (p = 0.0076) activities. The data suggested that at least the high dose AK might confer protection against alcoholic liver damage combined with an HFD by accelerating lipid oxidation and alcohol metabolism and by suppressing the inflammatory response, including the TLR pathway. View Full-Text
Keywords: Acanthopanax koreanum Nakai; interactive effect of alcohol and high-fat diet; hepatic damage Acanthopanax koreanum Nakai; interactive effect of alcohol and high-fat diet; hepatic damage
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Kim, H.; Park, M.; Shin, J.-H.; Kwon, O. Ethanolic Extract of Acanthopanax koreanum Nakai Alleviates Alcoholic Liver Damage Combined with a High-Fat Diet in C57BL/6J Mice. Molecules 2016, 21, 681.

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