Nanopore Event-Transduction Signal Stabilization for Wide pH Range under Extreme Chaotrope Conditions
AbstractOperation of an α-hemolysin nanopore transduction detector is found to be surprisingly robust over a critical range of pH (6–9), including physiological pH = 7.4 and polymerase chain reaction (PCR) pH = 8.4, and extreme chaotrope concentration, including 5 M urea. The engineered transducer molecule that is captured in the standard α-hemolysin nanopore detector, to transform it into a transduction detector, appears to play a central role in this stabilization process by stabilizing the channel against gating during its capture. This enables the nanopore transduction detector to operate as a single molecule “nanoscope” in a wide range of conditions, where tracking on molecular state is possible in a variety of different environmental conditions. In the case of streptavidin biosensing, results are shown for detector operation when in the presence of extreme (5 M) urea concentration. Complications involving degenerate states are encountered at higher chaotrope concentrations, but since the degeneracy is only of order two, this is easily absorbed into the classification task as in prior work. This allows useful detector operation over a wide range of conditions relevant to biochemistry, biomedical engineering, and biotechnology. View Full-Text
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Winters-Hilt, S.; Stoyanov, A. Nanopore Event-Transduction Signal Stabilization for Wide pH Range under Extreme Chaotrope Conditions. Molecules 2016, 21, 346.
Winters-Hilt S, Stoyanov A. Nanopore Event-Transduction Signal Stabilization for Wide pH Range under Extreme Chaotrope Conditions. Molecules. 2016; 21(3):346.Chicago/Turabian Style
Winters-Hilt, Stephen; Stoyanov, Alexander. 2016. "Nanopore Event-Transduction Signal Stabilization for Wide pH Range under Extreme Chaotrope Conditions." Molecules 21, no. 3: 346.
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