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Molecules 2016, 21(3), 257; doi:10.3390/molecules21030257

Potential Use of Turkish Medicinal Plants in the Treatment of Various Diseases

1
Department of Food Engineering, Faculty of Chemical and Metallurgical Engineering, Istanbul Technical University, Maslak, 34469 Istanbul, Turkey
2
Department of Food Engineering, Faculty of Engineering and Architecture, Okan University, Akfirat-Tuzla, 34959 Istanbul, Turkey
3
Scientific Bio Solutions LLC., Maslak, Istanbul, Turkey
These authors contributed equally to this work.
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Maurizio Battino, Etsuo Niki and José L. Quiles
Received: 22 December 2015 / Revised: 5 February 2016 / Accepted: 18 February 2016 / Published: 25 February 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue 20th Anniversary of Molecules—Recent Advances in Natural Products)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [604 KB, uploaded 25 February 2016]   |  

Abstract

Medicinal plants are sources of health-promoting substances, including phytochemicals and phytoalexins that comprise polyphenols, flavonoids, carotenoids, vitamins A, C, E and several other constituents. Many studies have indicated that medicinal plants have been used to treat human diseases for thousands of years owing to their antimicrobial and antioxidant activities. Medicinal plants reduce the oxidative stress in cells and prevent cancer, cardiovascular and inflammatory diseases, neurodegenerative and digestive system disorders. These potential beneficial effects have been attributed to the presence of bioactive compounds that show antioxidant properties by acting as free radical scavengers or metal chelators, reducing the reactions that produce reactive oxygen and nitrogen species (ROS/RNS). Considering the importance of medicinal plants in terms of their beneficial health effects, some of the medicinally important plants grown in Turkey are covered in this review with respect to their antioxidant potential and phytochemical profile. View Full-Text
Keywords: medicinal plants; antioxidant activity; cancer; cardiovascular diseases; diabetes; infectious; wound treatment; arthritis; neurological disorders; gastric disorders medicinal plants; antioxidant activity; cancer; cardiovascular diseases; diabetes; infectious; wound treatment; arthritis; neurological disorders; gastric disorders
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Ozkan, G.; Kamiloglu, S.; Ozdal, T.; Boyacioglu, D.; Capanoglu, E. Potential Use of Turkish Medicinal Plants in the Treatment of Various Diseases. Molecules 2016, 21, 257.

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