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Molecules 2016, 21(12), 1726; doi:10.3390/molecules21121726

Polyamines and α-Carbonic Anhydrases

1
Laboratorio di Chimica Bioinorganica, Università degli Studi di Firenze, Rm. 188, Via della Lastruccia 3, 50019 Sesto Fiorentino, Florence, Italy
2
NEUROFARBA Department, University of Florence, Sezione di Scienze Farmaceutiche, Via Ugo Schiff 6, 50019 Sesto Fiorentino, Florence, Italy
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Jean-Yves Winum and Derek J. McPhee
Received: 20 November 2016 / Revised: 22 November 2016 / Accepted: 12 December 2016 / Published: 15 December 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Carbonic Anhydrase Inhibitors from Natural Products)
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Abstract

Natural products represent a straightforward source for molecular structures bearing a vast array of chemical features and potentially useful for biomedical purposes. Recent examples of this type include the discovery of the coumarins and the polyamine natural products as atypical chemotypes for the inhibition of the metalloenzymes carbonic anhydrases (CAs; EC 4.2.2.1). CA enzymes are established pharmacological targets for important pathologies, which, among others, include glaucoma, hypoxic tumors, and central nervous system (CNS)-affecting diseases. Moreover, they are expressed in many bacteria, fungi and helminths which are the etiological agents of the majority of infectious diseases. In this context, natural products represent the ideal source of new and selective druggable CA modulators for biomedical purposes. Herein we report the state of the art on polyamines of natural origin as well as of synthetic derivatives as inhibitors of human CAs. View Full-Text
Keywords: polyamines; spermine; CA inhibitors polyamines; spermine; CA inhibitors
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Scozzafava, A.; Supuran, C.T.; Carta, F. Polyamines and α-Carbonic Anhydrases. Molecules 2016, 21, 1726.

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