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Molecules 2016, 21(12), 1630; doi:10.3390/molecules21121630

Simultaneous Determination of Four Tanshinones by UPLC-TQ/MS and Their Pharmacokinetic Application after Administration of Single Ethanol Extract of Danshen Combined with Water Extract in Normal and Adenine-Induced Chronic Renal Failure Rats

1
Jiangsu Collaborative Innovation Center of Chinese Medicinal Resources Industrialization, National and Local Collaborative Engineering Center of Chinese Medicinal Resources Industrialization and Formulae Innovative Medicine, and Jiangsu Key Laboratory for High Technology Research of TCM Formulae, Nanjing University of Chinese Medicine, Nanjing 210023, China
2
Hainan Provincial Key Laboratory of R&D of Tropical Herbs, School of Pharmacy, Hainan Medical University, Haikou 571199, China
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Derek J. McPhee
Received: 19 October 2016 / Revised: 24 November 2016 / Accepted: 25 November 2016 / Published: 28 November 2016
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Abstract

Salvia miltiorrhiza, one of the major traditional Chinese medicines, is commonly used and the main active ingredients—tanshinones—possess the ability to improve renal function. In this paper, the UPLC-TQ/MS method of simultaneously determining four tanshinones—tanshinone IIA, dihydrotanshinone I, tanshinone I, and cryptotanshinone—was established and applied to assess the pharmacokinetics in normal and chronic renal failure (CRF) rat plasma. The pharmacokinetics of tanshinones in rats were studied after separately intragastric administration of Salvia miltiorrhiza ethanol extract (SMEE) (0.65 g/kg), SMEE (0.65 g/kg) combined with Salvia miltiorrhiza water extract (SMWE) (1.55 g/kg). The results showed Cmax and AUC0–t of tanshinone IIA, tanshinone I, cryptotanshinone reduced by 50%~80% and CLz/F increased by 2~4 times (p < 0.05) in model group after administrated with SMEE. Nevertheless, after intragastric administration of a combination of SMWE and SMEE, the Cmax and AUC0–t of four tanshinones were upregulated and CLz/F was downregulated, which undulated similarity from the model group to the normal group with compatibility of SMEE and SMWE. These results hinted that SMWE could improve the bioavailability of tanshinones in CRF rats, which provides scientific information for further exploration the mechanism of the combination of SMWE and SMEE and offers a reference for clinical administration of Salvia miltiorrhiza. View Full-Text
Keywords: Salvia miltiorrhiza Bge.; tanshinones; pharmacokinetics; UPLC-TQ/MS; chronic renal failure Salvia miltiorrhiza Bge.; tanshinones; pharmacokinetics; UPLC-TQ/MS; chronic renal failure
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MDPI and ACS Style

Cai, H.-D.; Su, S.-L.; Li, Y.; Zhu, Z.; Guo, J.; Zhu, Y.; Guo, S.; Qian, D.; Duan, J. Simultaneous Determination of Four Tanshinones by UPLC-TQ/MS and Their Pharmacokinetic Application after Administration of Single Ethanol Extract of Danshen Combined with Water Extract in Normal and Adenine-Induced Chronic Renal Failure Rats. Molecules 2016, 21, 1630.

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