Novel Halogenated Pyrazine-Based Chalcones as Potential Antimicrobial Drugs†
AbstractChalcones, i.e., compounds with the chemical pattern of 1,3-diphenylprop-2-en-1-ones, exert a wide range of bio-activities, e.g., antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, anticancer, anti-infective etc. Our research group has been focused on pyrazine analogues of chalcones; several series have been synthesized and tested in vitro on antifungal and antimycobacterial activity. The highest potency was exhibited by derivatives with electron withdrawing groups (EWG) in positions 2 and 4 of the ring B. As halogens also have electron withdrawing properties, novel halogenated derivatives were prepared by Claisen-Schmidt condensation. All compounds were submitted for evaluation of their antifungal and antibacterial activity, including their antimycobacterial effect. In the antifungal assay against eight strains of selected fungi, growth inhibition of Candida glabrata and Trichophyton interdigitale (formerly T. mentagrophytes) was shown by non-alkylated derivatives with 2-bromo or 2-chloro substitution. In the panel of selected bacteria, 2-chloro derivatives showed the highest inhibitory effect on Staphylococcus sp. In addition, all products were also screened for their antimycobacterial activity against Mycobacterium tuberculosis H37RV My 331/88, M. kansasii My 235/80, M. avium 152/80 and M. smegmatis CCM 4622. Some of the examined compounds, inhibited growth of M. kansasii and M. smegmatis with minimum inhibitory concentrations (MICs) comparable with those of isoniazid. View Full-Text
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Kucerova-Chlupacova, M.; Vyskovska-Tyllova, V.; Richterova-Finkova, L.; Kunes, J.; Buchta, V.; Vejsova, M.; Paterova, P.; Semelkova, L.; Jandourek, O.; Opletalova, V. Novel Halogenated Pyrazine-Based Chalcones as Potential Antimicrobial Drugs. Molecules 2016, 21, 1421.
Kucerova-Chlupacova M, Vyskovska-Tyllova V, Richterova-Finkova L, Kunes J, Buchta V, Vejsova M, Paterova P, Semelkova L, Jandourek O, Opletalova V. Novel Halogenated Pyrazine-Based Chalcones as Potential Antimicrobial Drugs. Molecules. 2016; 21(11):1421.Chicago/Turabian Style
Kucerova-Chlupacova, Marta; Vyskovska-Tyllova, Veronika; Richterova-Finkova, Lenka; Kunes, Jiri; Buchta, Vladimir; Vejsova, Marcela; Paterova, Pavla; Semelkova, Lucia; Jandourek, Ondrej; Opletalova, Veronika. 2016. "Novel Halogenated Pyrazine-Based Chalcones as Potential Antimicrobial Drugs." Molecules 21, no. 11: 1421.
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