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Molecules 2016, 21(10), 1374; doi:10.3390/molecules21101374

An Overview of Plant Phenolic Compounds and Their Importance in Human Nutrition and Management of Type 2 Diabetes

1
College of Food Science, Sichuan Agricultural University, No. 46, Xinkang Road, Ya’an 625014, Sichuan, China
2
Stockbridge School of Agriculture, University of Massachusetts, Amherst, MA 01003, USA
These authors contributed equally to this work.
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Pinarosa Avato
Received: 8 September 2016 / Revised: 10 October 2016 / Accepted: 12 October 2016 / Published: 15 October 2016
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [1357 KB, uploaded 22 October 2016]   |  

Abstract

In this paper, the biosynthesis process of phenolic compounds in plants is summarized, which includes the shikimate, pentose phosphate and phenylpropanoid pathways. Plant phenolic compounds can act as antioxidants, structural polymers (lignin), attractants (flavonoids and carotenoids), UV screens (flavonoids), signal compounds (salicylic acid and flavonoids) and defense response chemicals (tannins and phytoalexins). From a human physiological standpoint, phenolic compounds are vital in defense responses, such as anti-aging, anti-inflammatory, antioxidant and anti-proliferative activities. Therefore, it is beneficial to eat such plant foods that have a high antioxidant compound content, which will cut down the incidence of certain chronic diseases, for instance diabetes, cancers and cardiovascular diseases, through the management of oxidative stress. Furthermore, berries and other fruits with low-amylase and high-glucosidase inhibitory activities could be regarded as candidate food items in the control of the early stages of hyperglycemia associated with type 2 diabetes. View Full-Text
Keywords: phenolic compounds; biosynthesis; function; complication; type 2 diabetes phenolic compounds; biosynthesis; function; complication; type 2 diabetes
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Lin, D.; Xiao, M.; Zhao, J.; Li, Z.; Xing, B.; Li, X.; Kong, M.; Li, L.; Zhang, Q.; Liu, Y.; Chen, H.; Qin, W.; Wu, H.; Chen, S. An Overview of Plant Phenolic Compounds and Their Importance in Human Nutrition and Management of Type 2 Diabetes. Molecules 2016, 21, 1374.

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