The Potential Mechanisms of Berberine in the Treatment of Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver Disease
AbstractNonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is a globally observed metabolic disease with high prevalence both in adults and children. However, there is no efficient medication available yet. Increased evidence indicates that berberine (BBR), a natural plant product, has beneficial effects on NAFLD, though the mechanisms are not completely known. In this review, we briefly summarize the pathogenesis of NAFLD and factors that influence the progression of NAFLD, and focus on the potential mechanisms of BBR in the treatment of NAFLD. Increase of insulin sensitivity, regulation of adenosine monophosphate-activated protein kinase (AMPK) pathway, improvement of mitochondrial function, alleviation of oxidative stress, LDLR mRNA stabilization, and regulation of gut microenvironment are the major targets of BBR in the treatment of NAFLD. Additionally, reduction of proprotein convertase subtilisin/kexin 9 (PCSK9) expression and DNA methylation are also involved in pharmacological mechanisms of berberine in the treatment of NAFLD. The immunologic mechanism of BBR in the treatment of NAFLD, development of berberine derivative, drug combinations, delivery routes, and drug dose can be considered in the future research. View Full-Text
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Zhu, X.; Bian, H.; Gao, X. The Potential Mechanisms of Berberine in the Treatment of Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver Disease. Molecules 2016, 21, 1336.
Zhu X, Bian H, Gao X. The Potential Mechanisms of Berberine in the Treatment of Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver Disease. Molecules. 2016; 21(10):1336.Chicago/Turabian Style
Zhu, Xiaopeng; Bian, Hua; Gao, Xin. 2016. "The Potential Mechanisms of Berberine in the Treatment of Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver Disease." Molecules 21, no. 10: 1336.
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