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Molecules 2015, 20(9), 17221-17243; doi:10.3390/molecules200917221

Chemical Composition Analysis, Antimicrobial Activity and Cytotoxicity Screening of Moss Extracts (Moss Phytochemistry)

1
Department of Environmental Science, University of Latvia, 19 Raina Blvd., Riga LV-1586, Latvia
2
Institute of Biology, University of Latvia, 3 Miera Street, Salaspils LV-2169, Latvia
3
Department of Microbiology and Biotechnology, University of Latvia, 4 Kronvalda Blvd., Riga LV-1010, Latvia
4
Faculty of Chemistry, University of Latvia, 19 Raina Blvd., Riga LV-1586, Latvia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Derek J. McPhee
Received: 29 July 2015 / Revised: 6 September 2015 / Accepted: 10 September 2015 / Published: 18 September 2015
(This article belongs to the Section Natural Products)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [1122 KB, uploaded 24 September 2015]   |  

Abstract

Mosses have been neglected as a study subject for a long time. Recent research shows that mosses contain remarkable and unique substances with high biological activity. The aim of this study, accordingly, was to analyze the composition of mosses and to screen their antimicrobial and anticancer activity. The total concentration of polyphenols and carbohydrates, the amount of dry residue and the radical scavenging activity were determined for a preliminary evaluation of the chemical composition of moss extracts. In order to analyze and identify the substances present in mosses, two types of extrahents (chloroform, ethanol) and the GC/MS and LC-TOF-MS methods were used. The antimicrobial activity was tested on four bacteria strains, and the anticancer activity on six cancer cell lines. The obtained results show the presence of a high number of primary (fatty acids and amino acids), but mainly secondary metabolites in moss extracts—including, sterols, terpenoids, polyphenols and others—and a high activity with respect to the studied test organisms. View Full-Text
Keywords: extraction; antiradical activity; GC/MS; LC-TOF-MS; cytotoxicity; antimicrobial activity; polyphenols; amino acids extraction; antiradical activity; GC/MS; LC-TOF-MS; cytotoxicity; antimicrobial activity; polyphenols; amino acids
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Klavina, L.; Springe, G.; Nikolajeva, V.; Martsinkevich, I.; Nakurte, I.; Dzabijeva, D.; Steinberga, I. Chemical Composition Analysis, Antimicrobial Activity and Cytotoxicity Screening of Moss Extracts (Moss Phytochemistry). Molecules 2015, 20, 17221-17243.

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