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Molecules 2015, 20(5), 9054-9070; doi:10.3390/molecules20059054

Effects of Dietary Brazilian Palm Oil (Mauritia flexuosa L.) on Cholesterol Profile and Vitamin A and E Status of Rats

1
Departamento de Nutrição/CCS, Universidade Federal da Paraíba, Campus I, s/n. Castelo Branco, 58051-900 João Pessoa-PB, Brasil
2
Departamento de Nutrição/CES, Universidade Federal de Campina Grande, Olho d'agua da Bica, s/n, 58175-000 Cuité-PB, Brasil
3
Departamento de Engenharia de Alimentos, Universidade Federal da Paraíba, Campus I, s/n. Castelo Branco, 58051-970 João Pessoa-PB, Brasil
4
Departamento de Medicina Tropical/CCS, Universidade Federal de Pernambuco, Campus Recife, s/n, Cidade Universitária, 50670-901 Recife-PE, Brasil
5
Instituto Federal de Educação, Ciência e Tecnologia do Sertão Pernambucano, Campus Petrolina, BR 407, km 08, Jd. São Paulo, 56314-520 Petrolina-PE, Brasil
6
Departamento de Nutrição/ CCS, Universidade Federal de Pernambuco, Campus Recife, s/n, Cidade Universitária, 50670-901 Recife-PE, Brasil
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Emilie Combet and Maria Rosário Bronze
Received: 25 February 2015 / Revised: 6 May 2015 / Accepted: 11 May 2015 / Published: 19 May 2015
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Abstract

In vitro studies have been carried out to establish the nutritional differences between crude and refined vegetable oils; however, the impact of the consumption of these foods on metabolism, in particular the effect of buriti oil, needs to be further evaluated. The aim of this study was to evaluate the biochemical and murine parameters and the vitamin A and E status in young rats fed with diets supplemented with crude or refined buriti oil. The animals (n = 30) were randomized into three groups receiving diet added of soybean oil (control), crude buriti oil (CBO) and refined buriti oil (RBO) for 28 days. Rats fed with diet added of refined buriti oil (RBO) showed reduced total cholesterol (up to 60.27%), LDL (64.75%), triglycerides (55.47%) and enzyme aspartate transaminase (21.57%) compared to those fed with diet added of crude oil. Serum and hepatic retinol and tocopherol were higher by two to three times in CBO and RBO groups compared to the control group, but no differences were observed for murine parameters. The results indicate that buriti oil is an important source of the antioxidant vitamins A and E, and refined buriti oil is suggested as alternative to improve the lipid profile of healthy rats. View Full-Text
Keywords: α-tocopherol; lipids; refined oil; retinol α-tocopherol; lipids; refined oil; retinol
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Aquino, J.S.; Soares, J.K.B.; Magnani, M.; Stamford, T.C.M.; Mascarenhas, R.J.; Tavares, R.L.; Stamford, T.L.M. Effects of Dietary Brazilian Palm Oil (Mauritia flexuosa L.) on Cholesterol Profile and Vitamin A and E Status of Rats. Molecules 2015, 20, 9054-9070.

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