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Molecules 2015, 20(5), 8048-8059; doi:10.3390/molecules20058048

Composition of the Essential Oil of Salvia ballotiflora (Lamiaceae) and Its Insecticidal Activity

1
Facultad de Ciencias Químicas, Universidad Autónoma de San Luis Potosí, Av. Dr. Manuel Nava 6, Zona Universitaria, C.P. 78290 San Luis Potosí, S.L.P., Mexico
2
Centro de Desarrollo de Productos Bióticos, Instituto Politécnico Nacional, Carretera Yautepec-Jojutla, km 6, Calle Ceprobi No. 6, Col. San Isidro, C.P. 62731 Yautepec, Morelos, Mexico
3
Departamento de Producción Agrícola y Animal, Universidad Autónoma Metropolitana Unidad Xochimilco, Calzada del Hueso 1100, Col. Villa Quietud, C.P. 04960 Deleg. Coyoacán, D.F., Mexico
4
Estudiante de la Maestría en Ciencias Agropecuarias, Universidad Autónoma Metropolitana Unidad Xochimilco, Calzada del Hueso 1100, Col. Villa Quietud, C.P. 04960 Deleg. Coyoacán, D.F., Mexico
5
Facultad de Química, Universidad Autónoma de Querétaro, Cerro de las Campanas s/n, Col. Las Campanas, C.P. 76010 Santiago de Querétaro, Querétaro, Mexico
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Isabel C. F. R. Ferreira
Received: 30 March 2015 / Revised: 28 April 2015 / Accepted: 28 April 2015 / Published: 5 May 2015
(This article belongs to the Collection Bioactive Compounds)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [704 KB, uploaded 5 May 2015]   |  

Abstract

Essential oils can be used as an alternative to using synthetic insecticides for pest management. Therefore, the insectistatic and insecticidal activities of the essential oil of aerial parts of Salvia ballotiflora (Lamiaceae) were tested against the fall armyworm Spodoptera frugiperda (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae). The results demonstrated insecticidal and insectistatical activities against this insect pest with concentrations at 80 µg·mL−1 resulting in 20% larval viability and 10% pupal viability. The larval viability fifty (LV50) corresponded to a concentration of 128.8 µg·mL−1. This oil also increased the duration of the larval phase by 5.5 days and reduced the pupal weight by 29.2% withrespect to the control. The GC-MS analysis of the essential oil of S. ballotiflora showed its main components to be caryophyllene oxide (15.97%), and β-caryophyllene (12.74%), which showed insecticidal and insectistatical activities against S. frugiperda. The insecticidal activity of β-caryophyllene began at 80 µg·mL1, giving a larval viability of 25% and viability pupal of 20%. The insectistatic activity also started at 80 µg·mL1 reducing the pupal weight by 22.1% with respect to control. Caryophyllene oxide showed insecticidal activity at 80 µg·mL1 giving a larval viability of 35% and viability pupal of 20%.The insectistatic activity started at 400 µg·mL1 and increased the larval phase by 8.8% days with respect to control. The LV50 values for these compounds were 153.1 and 146.5 µg·mL1, respectively. View Full-Text
Keywords: Spodoptera frugiperda; essential oil; β-caryophyllene; caryophyllene oxide Spodoptera frugiperda; essential oil; β-caryophyllene; caryophyllene oxide
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Cárdenas-Ortega, N.C.; González-Chávez, M.M.; Figueroa-Brito, R.; Flores-Macías, A.; Romo-Asunción, D.; Martínez-González, D.E.; Pérez-Moreno, V.; Ramos-López, M.A. Composition of the Essential Oil of Salvia ballotiflora (Lamiaceae) and Its Insecticidal Activity. Molecules 2015, 20, 8048-8059.

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