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Molecules 2015, 20(4), 5487-5527; doi:10.3390/molecules20045487

Functional Thermoplastic Materials from Derivatives of Cellulose and Related Structural Polysaccharides

Course of Applied Life Science, Faculty of Applied Biological Sciences, Gifu University, 1-1 Yanagido, Gifu 501-1193, Japan
Academic Editor: Jun Araki
Received: 22 November 2014 / Revised: 10 March 2015 / Accepted: 19 March 2015 / Published: 27 March 2015
(This article belongs to the Special Issue New Trends in Cellulose and Chitin Chemistry)

Abstract

This review surveys advances in the development of various material functionalities based on thermoplastic cellulose and related structural polysaccharide derivatives. First, the dependence of thermal (phase) transition behavior on the molecular composition of simple derivatives is rationalized. Next, approaches enabling effective thermoplasticization and further incorporation of material functionalities into structural polysaccharides are discussed. These approaches include: (a) single-substituent derivatization, (b) derivatization with multi-substituents, (c) blending of simple derivatives with synthetic polymers, and (d) graft copolymerization. Some examples addressing the control of supramolecular structures and the regulation of molecular and segmental orientations for functional materials fabrication, which have especially progressed over the past decade, are also addressed. Attractive material functions include improved mechanical performance, controlled biodegradability, cytocompatiblity, and optical functions. View Full-Text
Keywords: cellulose; polysaccharides; derivatization; material functionality; thermal transition; polymer blend; graft copolymerization cellulose; polysaccharides; derivatization; material functionality; thermal transition; polymer blend; graft copolymerization
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Teramoto, Y. Functional Thermoplastic Materials from Derivatives of Cellulose and Related Structural Polysaccharides. Molecules 2015, 20, 5487-5527.

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