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Molecules 2015, 20(3), 3582-3627; doi:10.3390/molecules20033582

Antibacterial Barbituric Acid Analogues Inspired from Natural 3-Acyltetramic Acids; Synthesis, Tautomerism and Structure and Physicochemical Property-Antibacterial Activity Relationships

Chemistry Research Laboratory, Mansfield Rd, University of Oxford, OX1 3TA, UK
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Academic Editor: Peter J. Rutledge
Received: 7 January 2015 / Revised: 5 February 2015 / Accepted: 12 February 2015 / Published: 20 February 2015
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Abstract

The synthesis, tautomerism and antibacterial activity of novel barbiturates is reported. In particular, 3-acyl and 3-carboxamidobarbiturates exhibited antibacterial activity, against susceptible and some resistant Gram-positive strains of particular interest is that these systems possess amenable molecular weight, rotatable bonds and number of proton-donors/acceptors for drug design as well as less lipophilic character, with physicochemical properties and ionic states that are similar to current antibiotic agents for oral and injectable use. Unfortunately, the reduction of plasma protein affinity by the barbituric core is not sufficient to achieve activity in vivo. Further optimization to reduce plasma protein affinity and/or elevate antibiotic potency is therefore required, but we believe that these systems offer unusual opportunities for antibiotic drug discovery. View Full-Text
Keywords: barbiturates; antibacterial; synthesis; tautomerism barbiturates; antibacterial; synthesis; tautomerism
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Jeong, Y.-C.; Moloney, M.G. Antibacterial Barbituric Acid Analogues Inspired from Natural 3-Acyltetramic Acids; Synthesis, Tautomerism and Structure and Physicochemical Property-Antibacterial Activity Relationships. Molecules 2015, 20, 3582-3627.

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