Investigation of Chemomarkers of Astragali Radix of Different Ages and Geographical Origin by NMR Profiling
AbstractAstragalus roots from Astragalus membranaceus Bunge or Astragalus membranaceus var. mongholicus (Bunge) Hsiao are among the most popular traditional medicinal plants due to their diverse therapeutic uses based on their tonic, antinephritic, immunostimulant, hepatoprotectant, diuretic, antidiabetic, analgesic, expectorant and sedative properties. Currently, the herb is produced or cultivated in various sites, including 10 different locations in China with very diverse environmental conditions. These differences affect their metabolic pools and consequently their medicinal properties. The comparative metabolic profiling of plants of different geographical origins or ages could contribute to detect biomarkers for their quality control and thus guarantee the efficacy of the herbal medicines produced with this drug. In this paper nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy (NMR)-based metabolomics was applied for to plants of different origins and age for this purpose. The results of this study show that in the set of samples evaluated, age is more discriminating than geographical location. The quantity of individual flavonoids and some primary metabolites contributed most to this age differentiation. On the other hand, based on the analysis of orthogonal partial least square (OPLS) modeling, the marker metabolites for the geographical origin were saponins and isoflavonoids. View Full-Text
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Zheng, L.; Wang, M.; Ibarra-Estrada, E.; Wu, C.; Wilson, E.G.; Verpoorte, R.; Klinkhamer, P.G.L.; Choi, Y.H. Investigation of Chemomarkers of Astragali Radix of Different Ages and Geographical Origin by NMR Profiling. Molecules 2015, 20, 3389-3405.
Zheng L, Wang M, Ibarra-Estrada E, Wu C, Wilson EG, Verpoorte R, Klinkhamer PGL, Choi YH. Investigation of Chemomarkers of Astragali Radix of Different Ages and Geographical Origin by NMR Profiling. Molecules. 2015; 20(2):3389-3405.Chicago/Turabian Style
Zheng, Lu; Wang, Mei; Ibarra-Estrada, Emmanuel; Wu, Changsheng; Wilson, Erica G.; Verpoorte, Robert; Klinkhamer, Petrus G.L.; Choi, Young H. 2015. "Investigation of Chemomarkers of Astragali Radix of Different Ages and Geographical Origin by NMR Profiling." Molecules 20, no. 2: 3389-3405.