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Molecules 2015, 20(2), 2176-2189; doi:10.3390/molecules20022176

The Content of Phenolic Compounds in Leaf Tissues of Aesculus glabra and Aesculus parviflora Walt.

1
Department of Fruit, Vegetable and Grain Technology, Wroclaw University of Environmental and Life Sciences, 37/41 Chełmońskiego St., Wroclaw 51-630, Poland
2
Department of Biology and Pharmaceutical Botany with Garden of Medicinal Plants, University of Medicine in Wrocław, Kochanowskiego 12, Wrocław 51-601, Poland
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Marcello Iriti
Received: 20 November 2014 / Revised: 15 December 2014 / Accepted: 29 December 2014 / Published: 28 January 2015
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Abstract

In plants, flavonoids play an important role in biological processes. They are involved in UV-scavenging, fertility and disease resistance. Therefore, in this study, we attempted to quantify and characterize phenolic compounds in Aesculus parviflora Walt. leaves and Aesculus glabra leaves partly suffering from attack by a leaf mining insect (C. ohridella). A total of 28 phenolic compounds belonging to the hydroxycinnamic acid, flavan-3-ols and flavonol groups were identified and quantified in Aesculus parviflora and A. glabra leaf extracts. Significantly decreased concentrations of some phenolic compounds, especially of flavan-3-ols, were observed in infected leaves compared to the non-infected ones. Additionally, a higher content of polymeric procyanidins in leaves of Aesculus parviflora than in Aesculus glabra may explain their greater resistance to C. ohridella insects. View Full-Text
Keywords: Aesculus; polyphenols; polymeric procyanidins; leaves; Cameraria ohridella; LC-MS QTof Aesculus; polyphenols; polymeric procyanidins; leaves; Cameraria ohridella; LC-MS QTof
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Oszmiański, J.; Kolniak-Ostek, J.; Biernat, A. The Content of Phenolic Compounds in Leaf Tissues of Aesculus glabra and Aesculus parviflora Walt.. Molecules 2015, 20, 2176-2189.

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