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Molecules 2015, 20(2), 2014-2033; doi:10.3390/molecules20022014

Insecticidal Activity of Plant Lectins and Potential Application in Crop Protection

1
Department of Food Technology and Public Health, University of Mato Grosso do Sul, Campo Grande, Mato Grosso do Sul 79070-900, Brazil
2
Department of Biochemistry and Tissue Biology, University of Campinas, Campinas, Sao Paulo 13083-862, Brazil
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Tzi Bun NG
Received: 8 November 2014 / Revised: 15 January 2015 / Accepted: 19 January 2015 / Published: 27 January 2015
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Lectins)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [876 KB, uploaded 27 January 2015]   |  

Abstract

Lectins constitute a complex group of proteins found in different organisms. These proteins constitute an important field for research, as their structural diversity and affinity for several carbohydrates makes them suitable for numerous biological applications. This review addresses the classification and insecticidal activities of plant lectins, providing an overview of the applicability of these proteins in crop protection. The likely target sites in insect tissues, the mode of action of these proteins, as well as the use of lectins as biotechnological tools for pest control are also described. The use of initial bioassays employing artificial diets has led to the most recent advances in this field, such as plant breeding and the construction of fusion proteins, using lectins for targeting the delivery of toxins and to potentiate expected insecticide effects. Based on the data presented, we emphasize the contribution that plant lectins may make as tools for the development of integrated insect pest control strategies. View Full-Text
Keywords: lectin; insect; pest control; crop protection lectin; insect; pest control; crop protection
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MDPI and ACS Style

Macedo, M.L.R.; Oliveira, C.F.R.; Oliveira, C.T. Insecticidal Activity of Plant Lectins and Potential Application in Crop Protection. Molecules 2015, 20, 2014-2033.

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