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Molecules 2015, 20(2), 1872-1903; doi:10.3390/molecules20021872

Natural Products as Leads in Schistosome Drug Discovery

1
LabMol—Laboratory for Drug Design and Molecular Modeling, Faculdade de Farmácia, Universidade Federal de Goiás, Goiânia 74605-170, Brazil
2
GenoBio—Laboratory of Genomics and Biotechnology, Instituto de Patologia Tropical e Saúde Pública, Universidade Federal de Goiás, Goiânia 74605-050, Brazil
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Thomas J. Schmidt
Received: 12 December 2014 / Revised: 31 December 2014 / Accepted: 14 January 2015 / Published: 23 January 2015
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [4756 KB, uploaded 23 January 2015]   |  

Abstract

Schistosomiasis is a neglected parasitic tropical disease that claims around 200,000 human lives every year. Praziquantel (PZQ), the only drug recommended by the World Health Organization for the treatment and control of human schistosomiasis, is now facing the threat of drug resistance, indicating the urgent need for new effective compounds to treat this disease. Therefore, globally, there is renewed interest in natural products (NPs) as a starting point for drug discovery and development for schistosomiasis. Recent advances in genomics, proteomics, bioinformatics, and cheminformatics have brought about unprecedented opportunities for the rapid and more cost-effective discovery of new bioactive compounds against neglected tropical diseases. This review highlights the main contributions that NP drug discovery and development have made in the treatment of schistosomiasis and it discusses how integration with virtual screening (VS) strategies may contribute to accelerating the development of new schistosomidal leads, especially through the identification of unexplored, biologically active chemical scaffolds and structural optimization of NPs with previously established activity. View Full-Text
Keywords: schistosomiasis; natural products; leads; chemical scaffolds; virtual screening schistosomiasis; natural products; leads; chemical scaffolds; virtual screening
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Neves, B.J.; Andrade, C.H.; Cravo, P.V.L. Natural Products as Leads in Schistosome Drug Discovery. Molecules 2015, 20, 1872-1903.

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