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Molecules 2014, 19(8), 12547-12558; doi:10.3390/molecules190812547

Fumigant Toxicity of Oriental Sweetgum (Liquidambar orientalis) and Valerian (Valeriana wallichii) Essential Oils and Their Components, Including Their Acetylcholinesterase Inhibitory Activity, against Japanese Termites (Reticulitermes speratus)

Department of Forest Science, Research Institute of Agriculture and Life Science, College of Agriculture and Life Sciences, Seoul National University, Seoul 151-921, Korea
Received: 27 June 2014 / Revised: 5 August 2014 / Accepted: 14 August 2014 / Published: 19 August 2014
(This article belongs to the Section Natural Products)
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Abstract

This study investigated the fumigant toxicity of oriental sweetgum (Liquidambar orientalis) and valerian (Valeriana wallichii) essential oils and their components against the Japanese termite (Reticulitermes speratus). The fumigant toxicity of oriental sweetgum and valerian oil differed significantly according to exposure time. Oriental sweetgum showed toxicity at short exposure times (2 days), and the toxicity of valerian oil was high 7 days after treatment. The main constituents of oriental sweetgum and valerian oils were tested individually for their fumigant toxicity against Japanese termites. Among the test compounds, benzyl alcohol, acetophenone, 1-phenyl-1-ethanol, hydrocinnamyl alcohol, trans-cinnamyl aldehyde, trans-cinnamyl alcohol, cis-asarone, styrene, and cis-ocimene showed toxicity against Japanese termites 7 days after treatment. Hydrocinnamyl alcohol and trans-cinnamyl alcohol were found to be the major contributors to the fumigant antitermitic toxicity of oriental sweetgum oil. The acetylcholinesterase (AChE) inhibition activity of two oils and their constituents was tested to determine their mode of action. Only cis-ocimene showed strong AChE inhibition activity with an IC50 value of 0.131 mg/mL. Further studies are warranted to determine the potential of these essential oils and their constituents as fumigants for termite control. View Full-Text
Keywords: fumigant toxicity; plant essential oils; oriental sweetgum; valerian; Japanese termites; acetylcholinesterase inhibitiory activity fumigant toxicity; plant essential oils; oriental sweetgum; valerian; Japanese termites; acetylcholinesterase inhibitiory activity
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Park, I.-K. Fumigant Toxicity of Oriental Sweetgum (Liquidambar orientalis) and Valerian (Valeriana wallichii) Essential Oils and Their Components, Including Their Acetylcholinesterase Inhibitory Activity, against Japanese Termites (Reticulitermes speratus). Molecules 2014, 19, 12547-12558.

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