Thioctic Acid Derivatives as Building Blocks to Incorporate DNA Oligonucleotides onto Gold Nanoparticles
AbstractOligonucleotide gold nanoparticle conjugates are being used as diagnostic tools and gene silencing experiments. Thiol-chemistry is mostly used to functionalize gold nanoparticles with oligonucleotides and to incorporate DNA or RNA molecules onto gold surfaces. However, the stability of such nucleic acid–gold nanoparticle conjugates in certain conditions may be a limitation due to premature break of the thiol-gold bonds followed by aggregation processes. Here, we describe a straightforward synthesis of oligonucleotides carrying thioctic acid moiety based on the use of several thioctic acid-L-threoninol derivatives containing different spacers, including triglycine, short polyethyleneglycol, or aliphatic spacers. The novel thioctic-oligonucleotides were used for the functionalization of gold nanoparticles and the surface coverage and stability of the resulting thioctic-oligonucleotide gold nanoparticles were assessed. In all cases gold nanoparticles functionalized with thioctic-oligonucleotides had higher loadings and higher stability in the presence of thiols than gold nanoparticles prepared with commercially available thiol-oligonucleotides. Furthermore, the thioctic derivative carrying the triglycine linker is sensitive to cathepsin B present in endosomes. In this way this derivative may be interesting for the cellular delivery of therapeutic oligonucleotides as these results provides the basis for a potential endosomal escape. View Full-Text
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Pérez-Rentero, S.; Grijalvo, S.; Peñuelas, G.; Fàbrega, C.; Eritja, R. Thioctic Acid Derivatives as Building Blocks to Incorporate DNA Oligonucleotides onto Gold Nanoparticles. Molecules 2014, 19, 10495-10523.
Pérez-Rentero S, Grijalvo S, Peñuelas G, Fàbrega C, Eritja R. Thioctic Acid Derivatives as Building Blocks to Incorporate DNA Oligonucleotides onto Gold Nanoparticles. Molecules. 2014; 19(7):10495-10523.Chicago/Turabian Style
Pérez-Rentero, Sónia; Grijalvo, Santiago; Peñuelas, Guillem; Fàbrega, Carme; Eritja, Ramon. 2014. "Thioctic Acid Derivatives as Building Blocks to Incorporate DNA Oligonucleotides onto Gold Nanoparticles." Molecules 19, no. 7: 10495-10523.