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Molecules 2014, 19(6), 8589-8609; doi:10.3390/molecules19068589

Self-Assembly: From Amphiphiles to Chromophores and Beyond

1
WPI-Centre for Materials Nanoarchitectonics, National Institute of Materials Science (NIMS), Namiki 1-1, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-0044, Japan
2
JST-CREST, Gobancho, Chiyoda-ku, Tokyo 102-0075, Japan
3
International Centre for Young Scientists, National Institute of Materials Science (NIMS), Namiki 1-1, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-0044, Japan
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 30 April 2014 / Revised: 17 June 2014 / Accepted: 17 June 2014 / Published: 23 June 2014
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Template Directed Synthesis and Self-Assembly in Organic Systems)
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Abstract

Self-assembly has been recognised as a ubiquitous aspect of modern chemistry. Our understanding and applications of self-assembly are substantially based on what has been learned from biochemical systems. In this review, we describe various aspects of self-assembly commencing with an account of the soft structures that are available by assembly of surfactant amphiphiles, which are important scientific and industrial materials. Variation of molecular design using rules defined by surfactant self-assembly permits synthesis of functional nanostructures in solution and at surfaces while increasing the strength of intermolecular interactions through π-π stacking, metal cation coordination and/or hydrogen bonding leads to formation of highly complex bespoke nanostructured materials exemplified by DNA assemblies. We describe the origins of self-assembly involving aggregation of lipid amphiphiles and how this subject has been expanded to include other highly advanced chemical systems.
Keywords: self-assembly; supramolecular; amphiphile; porphyrin; nanotube; chromophore; nanostructure self-assembly; supramolecular; amphiphile; porphyrin; nanotube; chromophore; nanostructure
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Hill, J.P.; Shrestha, L.K.; Ishihara, S.; Ji, Q.; Ariga, K. Self-Assembly: From Amphiphiles to Chromophores and Beyond. Molecules 2014, 19, 8589-8609.

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