Abstract: A set of solanidine analogs with antiproliferative properties were recently synthetized from pregnadienolone acetate, which occurs in Nature. The aim of the present study was an in vitro characterization of their antiproliferative action and an investigation of their multidrug resistance-reversal activity on cancer cells. Six of the compounds elicited the accumulation of a hypodiploid population of HeLa cells, indicating their apoptosis-inducing character, and another one caused cell cycle arrest at the G2/M phase. The most effective agents inhibited the activity of topoisomerase I, as evidenced by plasmid supercoil relaxation assays. One of the most potent analogs down-regulated the expression of cell-cycle related genes at the mRNA level, including tumor necrosis factor alpha and S-phase kinase-associated protein 2, and induced growth arrest and DNA damage protein 45 alpha. Some of the investigated compounds inhibited the ABCB1 transporter and caused rhodamine-123 accumulation in murine lymphoma cells transfected by human MDR1 gene, expressing the efflux pump (L5178). One of the most active agents in this aspect potentiated the antiproliferative action of doxorubicin without substantial intrinsic cytostatic capacity. The current results indicate that the modified solanidine skeleton is a suitable substrate for the rational design and synthesis of further innovative drug candidates with anticancer activities.
Keywords: solanidine analog; anticancer action; efflux pump
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Zupkó, I.; Molnár, J.; Réthy, B.; Minorics, R.; Frank, É.; Wölfling, J.; Molnár, J.; Ocsovszki, I.; Topcu, Z.; Bitó, T.; Puskás, L.G. Anticancer and Multidrug Resistance-Reversal Effects of Solanidine Analogs Synthetized from Pregnadienolone Acetate. Molecules 2014, 19, 2061-2076.
Zupkó I, Molnár J, Réthy B, Minorics R, Frank É, Wölfling J, Molnár J, Ocsovszki I, Topcu Z, Bitó T, Puskás LG. Anticancer and Multidrug Resistance-Reversal Effects of Solanidine Analogs Synthetized from Pregnadienolone Acetate. Molecules. 2014; 19(2):2061-2076.
Zupkó, István; Molnár, Judit; Réthy, Borbála; Minorics, Renáta; Frank, Éva; Wölfling, János; Molnár, Joseph; Ocsovszki, Imre; Topcu, Zeki; Bitó, Tamás; Puskás, László G. 2014. "Anticancer and Multidrug Resistance-Reversal Effects of Solanidine Analogs Synthetized from Pregnadienolone Acetate." Molecules 19, no. 2: 2061-2076.