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Molecules 2014, 19(2), 1459-1480; doi:10.3390/molecules19021459
Review

A Review on Anti-Inflammatory Activity of Phenylpropanoids Found in Essential Oils

1, 2, 3 and 1,2,3,*
1 Departamento de Fisiologia e Patologia, Universidade Federal da Paraíba, CP 5009, João Pessoa CEP 58051-970, PB, Brazil 2 Departamento de Farmácia, Universidade Federal de Sergipe, São Cristóvão-SE, CEP 49100-000, SE, Brazil 3 Departamento de Ciências Farmacêuticas, Universidade Federal da Paraíba, CP 5009, João Pessoa, CEP 58051-970, PB, Brazil
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 3 December 2013 / Revised: 27 December 2013 / Accepted: 30 December 2013 / Published: 27 January 2014
(This article belongs to the Section Metabolites)
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Abstract

The search for alternative drugs capable of disrupting the inflammatory process has become an important issue in scientific research, especially with reference to the use of natural substances and the reduction of undesirable side effects. Essential oils represent an important source of such substances, since their active constituents often exhibit an array of pharmacological properties, including anti-inflammatory activity. This review presents an overview of the anti-inflammatory action exerted by phenylpropanoids from essential oils and discusses possible mechanisms of action involved in the anti-inflammatory response, assessed through specific experimental models.
Keywords: phenylpropanoids; essential oils; natural products; medicinal plants; anti-inflammatory activity; inflammation; cytokines; immunomodulatory activity; asthma; allergy phenylpropanoids; essential oils; natural products; medicinal plants; anti-inflammatory activity; inflammation; cytokines; immunomodulatory activity; asthma; allergy
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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de Cássia da Silveira e Sá, R.; Andrade, L.N.; dos Reis Barreto de Oliveira, R.; de Sousa, D.P. A Review on Anti-Inflammatory Activity of Phenylpropanoids Found in Essential Oils. Molecules 2014, 19, 1459-1480.

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