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Molecules 2014, 19(12), 20073-20090; doi:10.3390/molecules191220073

Alteration of N-glycans and Expression of Their Related Glycogenes in the Epithelial-Mesenchymal Transition of HCV29 Bladder Epithelial Cells

1
The Key Laboratory of Carbohydrate Chemistry & Biotechnology, Ministry of Education, School of Biotechnology, Jiangnan University, Wuxi 214122, China
2
Wuxi Medical School, Jiangnan University, Wuxi 214122, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 31 October 2014 / Revised: 23 November 2014 / Accepted: 24 November 2014 / Published: 1 December 2014
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Lectins)
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Abstract

The epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) is an essential step in the proliferation and metastasis of solid tumor cells, and glycosylation plays a crucial role in the EMT process. Certain aberrant glycans have been reported as biomarkers during bladder cancer progression, but global variation of N-glycans in this type of cancer has not been previously studied. We examined the profiles of N-glycan and glycogene expression in transforming growth factor-beta (TGFβ)-induced EMT using non-malignant bladder transitional epithelium HCV29 cells. These expression profiles were analyzed by mass spectrometry, lectin microarray analysis, and GlycoV4 oligonucleotide microarray analysis, and confirmed by lectin histochemistry and real-time RT-PCR. The expression of 5 N-glycan-related genes were notably altered in TGFβ-induced EMT. In particular, reduced expression of glycogene man2a1, which encodes α-mannosidase 2, contributed to the decreased proportions of bi-, tri- and tetra-antennary complex N-glycans, and increased expression of hybrid-type N-glycans. Decreased expression of fuca1 gene, which encodes Type 1 α-L-fucosidase, contributed to increased expression of fucosylated N-glycans in TGFβ-induced EMT. Taken together, these findings clearly demonstrate the involvement of aberrant N-glycan synthesis in EMT in these cells. Integrated glycomic techniques as described here will facilitate discovery of glycan markers and development of novel diagnostic and therapeutic approaches to bladder cancer. View Full-Text
Keywords: epithelial-mesenchymal transition; glycogene; mass spectrometry; microarray; N-glycan epithelial-mesenchymal transition; glycogene; mass spectrometry; microarray; N-glycan
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Guo, J.; Li, X.; Tan, Z.; Lu, W.; Yang, G.; Guan, F. Alteration of N-glycans and Expression of Their Related Glycogenes in the Epithelial-Mesenchymal Transition of HCV29 Bladder Epithelial Cells. Molecules 2014, 19, 20073-20090.

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