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Molecules 2014, 19(1), 595-608; doi:10.3390/molecules19010595

The Human Telomere Sequence, (TTAGGG)4, in the Absence and Presence of Cosolutes: A Spectroscopic Investigation

Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, Texas Woman's University, Denton, TX 76204, USA
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 6 November 2013 / Revised: 13 December 2013 / Accepted: 18 December 2013 / Published: 6 January 2014
(This article belongs to the Special Issue G-Quadruplexes & i-Motif DNA)
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Historically, biophysical studies of nucleic acids have been carried out under near ideal conditions, i.e., low buffer concentration (e.g., 10 mM phosphate), pH 7, low ionic strength (e.g., 100 mM) and, for optical studies, low concentrations of DNA (e.g., 1 × 10−6 M). Although valuable structural and thermodynamic data have come out of these studies, the conditions, for the most, part, are inadequate to simulate realistic cellular conditions. The increasing interest in studying biomolecules under more cellular-like conditions prompted us to investigate the effect of osmotic stress on the structural and thermodynamic properties of DNA oligomers containing the human telomere sequence (TTAGGG). Here, we report the characterization of (TTAGGG)4 in potassium phosphate buffer with increasing percent PEG (polyethylene glycol) or acetonitrile. In general, the presence of these cosolutes induces a conformational change from a unimolecular hybrid structure to a multimolecular parallel stranded structure. Hence, the structural change is accompanied with a change in the molecularity of quadruplex formation.
Keywords: DNA quadruplexes; circular dichroism; PEG; osmotic stress DNA quadruplexes; circular dichroism; PEG; osmotic stress
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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Sharma, V.R.; Sheardy, R.D. The Human Telomere Sequence, (TTAGGG)4, in the Absence and Presence of Cosolutes: A Spectroscopic Investigation. Molecules 2014, 19, 595-608.

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