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Molecules 2014, 19(1), 438-458; doi:10.3390/molecules19010438
Article

Antioxidant Properties and Hyphenated HPLC-PDA-MS Profiling of Chilean Pica Mango Fruits (Mangifera indica L. Cv. piqueño)

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Received: 12 November 2013; in revised form: 22 December 2013 / Accepted: 23 December 2013 / Published: 31 December 2013
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Abstract: Antioxidant capacities and polyphenolic contents of two mango cultivars from northern Chile, one of them endemic of an oasis in the Atacama Desert, were compared for the first time. Twenty one phenolic compounds were detected in peel and pulp of mango fruits varieties Pica and Tommy Atkins by HPLC-PDA-MS and tentatively characterized. Eighteen compounds were present in Pica pulp (ppu), 13 in Pica peel (ppe) 11 in Tommy Atkins pulp (tpu) and 12 in Tommy Atkins peel (tpe). Three procyanidin dimers (peaks 6, 9 and 10), seven acid derivatives (peaks 14, 11, 20 and 21) and four xanthones were identified, mainly mangiferin (peak 12) and mangiferin gallate, (peak 7), which were present in both peel and pulp of the two studied species from northern Chile. Homomangiferin (peak 13) was also present in both fruit pulps and dimethylmangiferin (peak 14) was present only in Tommy pulp. Pica fruits showed better antioxidant capacities and higher polyphenolic content (73.76/32.23 µg/mL in the DPPH assay and 32.49/72.01 mg GAE/100 g fresh material in the TPC assay, for edible pulp and peel, respectively) than Tommy Atkins fruits (127.22/46.39 µg/mL in the DPPH assay and 25.03/72.01 mg GAE/100 g fresh material in the TPC assay for pulp and peel, respectively). The peel of Pica mangoes showed also the highest content of phenolics (66.02 mg/100 g FW) measured by HPLC-PDA. The HPLC generated fingerprint can be used to authenticate Pica mango fruits and Pica mango food products.
Keywords: Pica mango fruits; Tommy Atkins; antioxidant capacities; HPLC-PDA-ESI-ToF-MS; local Chilean plants; nutraceuticals; mangiferin; xanthones; flavonoids; phenolic acids Pica mango fruits; Tommy Atkins; antioxidant capacities; HPLC-PDA-ESI-ToF-MS; local Chilean plants; nutraceuticals; mangiferin; xanthones; flavonoids; phenolic acids
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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MDPI and ACS Style

Ramirez, J.E.; Zambrano, R.; Sepúlveda, B.; Simirgiotis, M.J. Antioxidant Properties and Hyphenated HPLC-PDA-MS Profiling of Chilean Pica Mango Fruits (Mangifera indica L. Cv. piqueño). Molecules 2014, 19, 438-458.

AMA Style

Ramirez JE, Zambrano R, Sepúlveda B, Simirgiotis MJ. Antioxidant Properties and Hyphenated HPLC-PDA-MS Profiling of Chilean Pica Mango Fruits (Mangifera indica L. Cv. piqueño). Molecules. 2014; 19(1):438-458.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Ramirez, Javier E.; Zambrano, Ricardo; Sepúlveda, Beatriz; Simirgiotis, Mario J. 2014. "Antioxidant Properties and Hyphenated HPLC-PDA-MS Profiling of Chilean Pica Mango Fruits (Mangifera indica L. Cv. piqueño)." Molecules 19, no. 1: 438-458.



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