Molecules 2013, 18(12), 15094-15109; doi:10.3390/molecules181215094
Article

Maternal High Fat Feeding Does Not Have Long-Lasting Effects on Body Composition and Bone Health in Female and Male Wistar Rat Offspring at Young Adulthood

Received: 30 October 2013; in revised form: 27 November 2013 / Accepted: 3 December 2013 / Published: 6 December 2013
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Fatty Acids)
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Abstract: High fat diets adversely affect body composition, bone mineral and strength, and alter bone fatty acid composition. It is unclear if maternal high fat (HF) feeding permanently alters offspring body composition and bone health. Female rats were fed control (CON) or HF diet for 10 weeks, bred, and continued their diets throughout pregnancy and lactation. Male and female offspring were studied at weaning and 3 months, following consumption of CON diet. At weaning, but not 3 months of age, male and female offspring from dams fed HF diet had lower lean mass and higher fat and bone mass, and higher femur bone mineral density (females only) than offspring of dams fed CON diet. Male and female offspring femurs from dams fed HF diet had higher monounsaturates and lower n6 polyunsaturates at weaning than offspring from dams fed CON diet, where females from dams fed HF diet had higher saturates and lower n6 polyunsaturates at 3 months of age. There were no differences in strength of femurs or lumbar vertebrae at 3 months of age in either male or female offspring. In conclusion, maternal HF feeding did not permanently affect body composition and bone health at young adulthood in offspring.
Keywords: bone mineral; bone strength; fatty acids; high fat diet; nutritional programming; rats
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MDPI and ACS Style

Miotto, P.M.; Castelli, L.M.; Amoye, F.; LeBlanc, P.J.; Peters, S.J.; Roy, B.D.; Ward, W.E. Maternal High Fat Feeding Does Not Have Long-Lasting Effects on Body Composition and Bone Health in Female and Male Wistar Rat Offspring at Young Adulthood. Molecules 2013, 18, 15094-15109.

AMA Style

Miotto PM, Castelli LM, Amoye F, LeBlanc PJ, Peters SJ, Roy BD, Ward WE. Maternal High Fat Feeding Does Not Have Long-Lasting Effects on Body Composition and Bone Health in Female and Male Wistar Rat Offspring at Young Adulthood. Molecules. 2013; 18(12):15094-15109.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Miotto, Paula M.; Castelli, Laura M.; Amoye, Foyinsola; LeBlanc, Paul J.; Peters, Sandra J.; Roy, Brian D.; Ward, Wendy E. 2013. "Maternal High Fat Feeding Does Not Have Long-Lasting Effects on Body Composition and Bone Health in Female and Male Wistar Rat Offspring at Young Adulthood." Molecules 18, no. 12: 15094-15109.

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