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Headspace Solid-Phase Microextraction Analysis of Volatile Components in Narcissus tazetta var. chinensis Roem
Department of Cosmeceutics, China Medical University, Taichung 404, Taiwan
Department of Horticultural Science and Graduate Institute of Horticulture, National Chiayi University, Chiayi 600, Taiwan
Department of Food Science and Technology, Hungkuang University, Taichung 433, Taiwan
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 9 October 2013; in revised form: 28 October 2013 / Accepted: 1 November 2013 / Published: 6 November 2013
Abstract: The volatile components in single-flowered and double-flowered Chinese narcissus were identified by headspace-solid phase microextraction (HS-SPME) coupled with GC and GC/MS. Changes in aroma during the vase-life (days 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 and 6) of two samples were also studied. A total of 35 compounds were identified, of which all were present in single-flowered and 26 in double-flowered samples. The main aroma components were (E)-β-ocimene, and benzyl acetate. Single-flowered narcissus have a higher percentage of benzyl acetate, while double-flowered narcissus have a higher percentage of 1,8-cineole. In vase-life, the total volatile component content peaked on day 2 for single-flowered and day 3 for the double-flowered narcissus. For both single-flowered and double-flowered narcissus flowers, the total content of volatile components had decreased significantly by day 4.
Keywords: Chinese narcissus; Narcissus tazetta var. chinensis Roem; HS-SPME; volatile compound
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MDPI and ACS Style
Chen, H.-C.; Chi, H.-S.; Lin, L.-Y. Headspace Solid-Phase Microextraction Analysis of Volatile Components in Narcissus tazetta var. chinensis Roem. Molecules 2013, 18, 13723-13734.
Chen H-C, Chi H-S, Lin L-Y. Headspace Solid-Phase Microextraction Analysis of Volatile Components in Narcissus tazetta var. chinensis Roem. Molecules. 2013; 18(11):13723-13734.
Chen, Hsin-Chun; Chi, Hai-Shan; Lin, Li-Yun. 2013. "Headspace Solid-Phase Microextraction Analysis of Volatile Components in Narcissus tazetta var. chinensis Roem." Molecules 18, no. 11: 13723-13734.