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Molecules 2013, 18(11), 13723-13734; doi:10.3390/molecules181113723
Article

Headspace Solid-Phase Microextraction Analysis of Volatile Components in Narcissus tazetta var. chinensis Roem

1,* , 2
 and
3
1 Department of Cosmeceutics, China Medical University, Taichung 404, Taiwan 2 Department of Horticultural Science and Graduate Institute of Horticulture, National Chiayi University, Chiayi 600, Taiwan 3 Department of Food Science and Technology, Hungkuang University, Taichung 433, Taiwan
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 9 October 2013 / Revised: 28 October 2013 / Accepted: 1 November 2013 / Published: 6 November 2013
(This article belongs to the Section Natural Products)
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Abstract

The volatile components in single-flowered and double-flowered Chinese narcissus were identified by headspace-solid phase microextraction (HS-SPME) coupled with GC and GC/MS. Changes in aroma during the vase-life (days 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 and 6) of two samples were also studied. A total of 35 compounds were identified, of which all were present in single-flowered and 26 in double-flowered samples. The main aroma components were (E)-β-ocimene, and benzyl acetate. Single-flowered narcissus have a higher percentage of benzyl acetate, while double-flowered narcissus have a higher percentage of 1,8-cineole. In vase-life, the total volatile component content peaked on day 2 for single-flowered and day 3 for the double-flowered narcissus. For both single-flowered and double-flowered narcissus flowers, the total content of volatile components had decreased significantly by day 4.
Keywords: Chinese narcissus; Narcissus tazetta var. chinensis Roem; HS-SPME; volatile compound Chinese narcissus; Narcissus tazetta var. chinensis Roem; HS-SPME; volatile compound
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).
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Chen, H.-C.; Chi, H.-S.; Lin, L.-Y. Headspace Solid-Phase Microextraction Analysis of Volatile Components in Narcissus tazetta var. chinensis Roem. Molecules 2013, 18, 13723-13734.

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