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Molecules 2013, 18(11), 13357-13368; doi:10.3390/molecules181113357
Article

Anti-Tumor Effects of Atractylenolide I Isolated from Atractylodes macrocephala in Human Lung Carcinoma Cell Lines

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Received: 2 September 2013; in revised form: 1 October 2013 / Accepted: 16 October 2013 / Published: 29 October 2013
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Abstract: Atractylenolide I (ATL-1) is the major sesquiterpenoid of Atractylodes macrocephala. This study was designed to investigate whether ATL-1 induced apoptosis in A549 and HCC827 cells in vitro and in vivo. In our results, ATL-1 significantly decreased the percentage of in vitro viability, in a dose-dependent manner. In addition, DAPI staining and flow cytometry tests demonstrated the induction of apoptosis by ATL-I. Western blot analysis indicated that the protein levels of caspase-3, caspase-9 and Bax were increased in A549 and HCC827 cells after ATL-I exposure; to the contrary, the expressions of Bcl-2, Bcl-XL were decreased after treatment with ATL-1. In the in vivo study, ATL-I effectively suppressed tumor growth (A549) in transplanted tumor nude mice with up-regulation of caspase-3, caspase-9, and Bax and down-regulation of Bcl-2 and Bcl-XL. In conclusion, our results demonstrated that ATL-I has significant antitumor activity in lung carcinoma cells, and the possible mechanism of action may be related to apoptosis induced by ATL-I via a mitochondria-mediated apoptosis pathway.
Keywords: atractylenolide I; Atractylodes macrocephala; antitumor activity; apoptosis; lung cancer atractylenolide I; Atractylodes macrocephala; antitumor activity; apoptosis; lung cancer
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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MDPI and ACS Style

Liu, H.; Zhu, Y.; Zhang, T.; Zhao, Z.; Zhao, Y.; Cheng, P.; Li, H.; Gao, H.; Su, X. Anti-Tumor Effects of Atractylenolide I Isolated from Atractylodes macrocephala in Human Lung Carcinoma Cell Lines. Molecules 2013, 18, 13357-13368.

AMA Style

Liu H, Zhu Y, Zhang T, Zhao Z, Zhao Y, Cheng P, Li H, Gao H, Su X. Anti-Tumor Effects of Atractylenolide I Isolated from Atractylodes macrocephala in Human Lung Carcinoma Cell Lines. Molecules. 2013; 18(11):13357-13368.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Liu, Huanyi; Zhu, Yajie; Zhang, Tao; Zhao, Zhenguo; Zhao, Yu; Cheng, Peng; Li, Hua; Gao, Hui; Su, Xiaomei. 2013. "Anti-Tumor Effects of Atractylenolide I Isolated from Atractylodes macrocephala in Human Lung Carcinoma Cell Lines." Molecules 18, no. 11: 13357-13368.



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