Molecules 2013, 18(10), 13078-13095; doi:10.3390/molecules181013078
Article

Synthesis of Laboratory Ultrasound Contrast Agents

1email, 1email, 1email, 1email, 1email, 1email, 2email, 3email, 4email, 5email and 1,* email
Received: 4 June 2013; in revised form: 10 October 2013 / Accepted: 11 October 2013 / Published: 21 October 2013
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Abstract: Ultrasound Contrast Agents (UCAs) were developed to maximize reflection contrast so that organs can be seen clearly in ultrasound imaging. UCAs increase the signal to noise ratio (SNR) by linear and non-linear mechanisms and thus help more accurately visualize the internal organs and blood vessels. However, the UCAs on the market are not only expensive, but are also not optimized for use in various therapeutic research applications such as ultrasound-aided drug delivery. The UCAs fabricated in this study utilize conventional lipid and albumin for shell formation and perfluorobutane as the internal gas. The shape and density of the UCA bubbles were verified by optical microscopy and Cryo SEM, and compared to those of the commercially available UCAs, Definity® and Sonovue®. The size distribution and characteristics of the reflected signal were also analyzed using a particle size analyzer and ultrasound imaging equipment. Our experiments indicate that UCAs composed of spherical microbubbles, the majority of which were smaller than 1 um, were successfully synthesized. Microbubbles 10 um or larger were also identified when different shell characteristics and filters were used. These laboratory UCAs can be used for research in both diagnoses and therapies.
Keywords: ultrasound contrast agent; microbubble; cavitation; synthesis of microbubble; size control
PDF Full-text Download PDF Full-Text [3562 KB, Updated Version, uploaded 18 June 2014 20:13 CEST]
The original version is still available [3563 KB, uploaded 18 June 2014 20:13 CEST]

Export to BibTeX |
EndNote


MDPI and ACS Style

Park, J.; Park, D.; Shin, U.; Moon, S.; Kim, C.; Kim, H.S.; Park, H.; Choi, K.; Jung, B.; Oh, J.; Seo, J. Synthesis of Laboratory Ultrasound Contrast Agents. Molecules 2013, 18, 13078-13095.

AMA Style

Park J, Park D, Shin U, Moon S, Kim C, Kim HS, Park H, Choi K, Jung B, Oh J, Seo J. Synthesis of Laboratory Ultrasound Contrast Agents. Molecules. 2013; 18(10):13078-13095.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Park, Jingam; Park, Donghee; Shin, Unchul; Moon, Sanghyub; Kim, Chihyun; Kim, Han S.; Park, Hyunjin; Choi, Kiju; Jung, Bongkwang; Oh, Jaemin; Seo, Jongbum. 2013. "Synthesis of Laboratory Ultrasound Contrast Agents." Molecules 18, no. 10: 13078-13095.

Molecules EISSN 1420-3049 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert