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Molecules 2012, 17(9), 10370-10376; doi:10.3390/molecules170910370
Article

Antiviral Effect of Matrine against Human Enterovirus 71

1, 1, 1, 1, 2, 1,3 and 1,*
1 Key Laboratory of Human Diseases Comparative Medicine, Ministry of Health, Institute of Laboratory Animal Science, Chines Academy of Medical Science & Comparative Medicine Centre, Peking Union Medical College, Beijing 100021, China 2 Hebei Institute for Food and Drug Control, Shijiazhuang 050011, Hebei, China 3 Key Laboratory of Human Diseases Animal Models, State Administration of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Institute of Laboratory Animal Science, Chines Academy of Medical Science & Comparative Medicine Centre, Peking Union Medical College, Beijing 100021, China
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 5 July 2012 / Revised: 6 August 2012 / Accepted: 17 August 2012 / Published: 29 August 2012
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Abstract

Human enterovirus 71, a member of the Picornaviridae family, is one of the major causative agent of hand, foot and mouth disease in children less than six years old. This illness has caused mortalities in large-scale outbreaks in the Asia-Pacific region in recent years. No vaccine or antiviral therapy is available. In this study, antiviral effect of matrine against enterovirus 71 were evaluated in vitro and in vivo. Matrine could suppress the viral RNA copy number on rhabdomyosarcoma cells. Moreover, matrine treatment of mice challenged with a lethal dose of enterovirus 71 reduced the mortality and relieved clinical symptoms. The results showed that matrine may represent a potential therapeutic agent for enterovirus 71 infection.
Keywords: enterovirus 71; matrine; antiviral; mouse model enterovirus 71; matrine; antiviral; mouse model
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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MDPI and ACS Style

Yang, Y.; Xiu, J.; Zhang, X.; Zhang, L.; Yan, K.; Qin, C.; Liu, J. Antiviral Effect of Matrine against Human Enterovirus 71. Molecules 2012, 17, 10370-10376.

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