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Alkaloids Isolated from the Lateral Root of Aconitum carmichaelii
State Key Laboratory Breeding Base of Systematic Research Development and Utilization of Chinese Medicine Resources, Sichuan Province and Ministry of Science and Technology, Chengdu 610075, Sichuan, China
Key Laboratory of Standardization of Chinese Herbal Medicine, Ministry of Education, Chengdu 610075, Sichuan, China
Pharmacy College, Chengdu University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Chengdu 610075, Sichuan, China
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 24 July 2012; in revised form: 31 July 2012 / Accepted: 3 August 2012 / Published: 20 August 2012
Abstract: Two new alkaloids, aconicarmine (1) and aconicaramide (5), were isolated from the EtOH extract of the lateral roots of Aconitum carmichaelii, together with five known compounds: fuziline (2), neoline (3), N-ethylhokbusine B (4), 5-hydroxymethylpyrrole-2-carbaldehyde (6), and oleracein E (7). Their structures were elucidated by physical and NMR analysis. Pyrrole alkaloids were isolated from A. carmichaelii for the first time. In the in vitro assays, compounds 2 and 3 showed activity against pentobarbital sodium-induced cardiomyocytes damage by obviously recovering beating rhythm and increasing the cell viability, while compounds 5 and 7 showed moderate antibacterial activity.
Keywords: Aconitum carmichaelii; lateral root; alkaloids; bioactivities
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Xiong, L.; Peng, C.; Xie, X.-F.; Guo, L.; He, C.-J.; Geng, Z.; Wan, F.; Dai, O.; Zhou, Q.-M. Alkaloids Isolated from the Lateral Root of Aconitum carmichaelii. Molecules 2012, 17, 9939-9946.
Xiong L, Peng C, Xie X-F, Guo L, He C-J, Geng Z, Wan F, Dai O, Zhou Q-M. Alkaloids Isolated from the Lateral Root of Aconitum carmichaelii. Molecules. 2012; 17(8):9939-9946.
Xiong, Liang; Peng, Cheng; Xie, Xiao-Fang; Guo, Li; He, Cheng-Jun; Geng, Zhao; Wan, Feng; Dai, Ou; Zhou, Qin-Mei. 2012. "Alkaloids Isolated from the Lateral Root of Aconitum carmichaelii." Molecules 17, no. 8: 9939-9946.