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Terpenes as Green Solvents for Extraction of Oil from Microalgae
Université d’Avignon et des Pays du Vaucluse, INRA, UMR408, UMR406, 84000 Avignon, France
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 1 June 2012; in revised form: 21 June 2012 / Accepted: 26 June 2012 / Published: 9 July 2012
Abstract: Herein is described a green and original alternative procedure for the extraction of oil from microalgae. Extractions were carried out using terpenes obtained from renewable feedstocks as alternative solvents instead of hazardous petroleum solvents such as n-hexane. The described method is achieved in two steps using Soxhlet extraction followed by the elimination of the solvent from the medium using Clevenger distillation in the second step. Oils extracted from microalgae were compared in terms of qualitative and quantitative determination. No significant difference was obtained between each extract, allowing us to conclude that the proposed method is green, clean and efficient.
Keywords: lipid extraction; terpene solvent; Chlorella vulgaris; Soxhlet; microalgae
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Dejoye Tanzi, C.; Abert Vian, M.; Ginies, C.; Elmaataoui, M.; Chemat, F. Terpenes as Green Solvents for Extraction of Oil from Microalgae. Molecules 2012, 17, 8196-8205.
Dejoye Tanzi C, Abert Vian M, Ginies C, Elmaataoui M, Chemat F. Terpenes as Green Solvents for Extraction of Oil from Microalgae. Molecules. 2012; 17(7):8196-8205.
Dejoye Tanzi, Celine; Abert Vian, Maryline; Ginies, Christian; Elmaataoui, Mohamed; Chemat, Farid. 2012. "Terpenes as Green Solvents for Extraction of Oil from Microalgae." Molecules 17, no. 7: 8196-8205.