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Synthesis and Characterization of ZnO Nanowires by Thermal Oxidation of Zn Thin Films at Various Temperatures
Physics Department of Imam Khomeini International University, Qazvin, 34149-16818, Iran
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 29 February 2012; in revised form: 16 April 2012 / Accepted: 28 April 2012 / Published: 2 May 2012
Abstract: In this research high-quality zinc oxide (ZnO) nanowires have been synthesized by thermal oxidation of metallic Zn thin films. Metallic Zn films with thicknesses of 250 nm have been deposited on a glass substrate by the PVD technique. The deposited zinc thin films were oxidized in air at various temperatures ranging between 450 °C to 650 °C. Surface morphology, structural and optical properties of the ZnO nanowires were examined by scanning electron microscope (SEM), X-ray diffraction (XRD), energy dispersive X-ray (EDX) and photoluminescence (PL) measurements. XRD analysis demonstrated that the ZnO nanowires has a wurtzite structure with orientation of (002), and the nanowires prepared at 600 °C has a better crystalline quality than samples prepared at other temperatures. SEM results indicate that by increasing the oxidation temperature, the dimensions of the ZnO nanowires increase. The optimum temperature for synthesizing high density, ZnO nanowires was determined to be 600 °C. EDX results revealed that only Zn and O are present in the samples, indicating a pure ZnO composition. The PL spectra of as-synthesized nanowires exhibited a strong UV emission and a relatively weak green emission.
Keywords: zinc oxide; nanowires; thermal oxidation; Zn films; crystal structure
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MDPI and ACS Style
Khanlary, M.R.; Vahedi, V.; Reyhani, A. Synthesis and Characterization of ZnO Nanowires by Thermal Oxidation of Zn Thin Films at Various Temperatures. Molecules 2012, 17, 5021-5029.
Khanlary MR, Vahedi V, Reyhani A. Synthesis and Characterization of ZnO Nanowires by Thermal Oxidation of Zn Thin Films at Various Temperatures. Molecules. 2012; 17(5):5021-5029.
Khanlary, Mohammad Reza; Vahedi, Vahid; Reyhani, Ali. 2012. "Synthesis and Characterization of ZnO Nanowires by Thermal Oxidation of Zn Thin Films at Various Temperatures." Molecules 17, no. 5: 5021-5029.