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Synthetic Study on the Relationship Between Structure and Sweet Taste Properties of Steviol Glycosides
Organic Chemistry Department, Global Research and Development, the Coca-Cola Company, One Coca-Cola Plaza, Atlanta, GA 30313, USA
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 2 March 2012; in revised form: 24 March 2012 / Accepted: 30 March 2012 / Published: 5 April 2012
Abstract: The structure activity relationship between the C16-C17 methylene double bond on the aglycone of steviol glycosides and the corresponding impact on their sweet taste has been reported here for the first time. It has been observed that converting stevioside and rebaudioside A to their corresponding ketones by switching the doubly bonded methylene on C-17 for a ketone group actually removes the sweet taste properties of these molecules completely. Regenerating the original molecules tends to restore the sweet taste of both the steviol glycosides. Thus this C16-C17 methylene double bond in rebaudioside A and stevioside can be regarded as a pharmacophore essential for the sweetness property of these molecules.
Keywords: reb A; stevioside; steviol; reb A ketone; stevioside ketone and steviol nor ketone, methylenation
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MDPI and ACS Style
Upreti, M.; Dubois, G.; Prakash, I. Synthetic Study on the Relationship Between Structure and Sweet Taste Properties of Steviol Glycosides. Molecules 2012, 17, 4186-4196.
Upreti M, Dubois G, Prakash I. Synthetic Study on the Relationship Between Structure and Sweet Taste Properties of Steviol Glycosides. Molecules. 2012; 17(4):4186-4196.
Upreti, Mani; Dubois, Grant; Prakash, Indra. 2012. "Synthetic Study on the Relationship Between Structure and Sweet Taste Properties of Steviol Glycosides." Molecules 17, no. 4: 4186-4196.