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Molecules 2012, 17(3), 2877-2928; doi:10.3390/molecules17032877

Key to Xenobiotic Carotenoids

Department of Chemistry, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, 7491 Trondheim, Norway
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 9 January 2012 / Revised: 21 February 2012 / Accepted: 22 February 2012 / Published: 7 March 2012
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Carotenoids)
Download PDF [519 KB, 18 June 2014; original version 18 June 2014]

Abstract

A listing of carotenoids with heteroatoms (X = F, Cl, Br, I, Si, N, S, Se, Fe) directly attached to the carotenoid carbon skeleton has been compiled. The 178 listed carotenoids with C,H,X atoms demonstrate that the classical division of carotenoids into hydrocarbon carotenoids (C,H) and xanthophylls (C,H,O) has become obsolete.
Keywords: carotenoids; xanthophylls; fluorocarotenoids; chlorocarotenoids; bromocarotenoids; iodocarotenoids; silicon carotenoids; nitrogen carotenoids; sulfur carotenoids; selenium carotenoids; iron carotenoids carotenoids; xanthophylls; fluorocarotenoids; chlorocarotenoids; bromocarotenoids; iodocarotenoids; silicon carotenoids; nitrogen carotenoids; sulfur carotenoids; selenium carotenoids; iron carotenoids
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).

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Sliwka, H.-R.; Partali, V. Key to Xenobiotic Carotenoids. Molecules 2012, 17, 2877-2928.

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