Molecules 2012, 17(3), 2877-2928; doi:10.3390/molecules17032877
Review

Key to Xenobiotic Carotenoids

Department of Chemistry, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, 7491 Trondheim, Norway
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 9 January 2012; in revised form: 21 February 2012 / Accepted: 22 February 2012 / Published: 7 March 2012
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Carotenoids)
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Abstract: A listing of carotenoids with heteroatoms (X = F, Cl, Br, I, Si, N, S, Se, Fe) directly attached to the carotenoid carbon skeleton has been compiled. The 178 listed carotenoids with C,H,X atoms demonstrate that the classical division of carotenoids into hydrocarbon carotenoids (C,H) and xanthophylls (C,H,O) has become obsolete.
Keywords: carotenoids; xanthophylls; fluorocarotenoids; chlorocarotenoids; bromocarotenoids; iodocarotenoids; silicon carotenoids; nitrogen carotenoids; sulfur carotenoids; selenium carotenoids; iron carotenoids

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MDPI and ACS Style

Sliwka, H.-R.; Partali, V. Key to Xenobiotic Carotenoids. Molecules 2012, 17, 2877-2928.

AMA Style

Sliwka H-R, Partali V. Key to Xenobiotic Carotenoids. Molecules. 2012; 17(3):2877-2928.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Sliwka, Hans-Richard; Partali, Vassilia. 2012. "Key to Xenobiotic Carotenoids." Molecules 17, no. 3: 2877-2928.

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