Molecules 2012, 17(11), 12657-12664; doi:10.3390/molecules171112657
Communication

Antioxidant Interactions between Major Phenolic Compounds Found in ‘Ataulfo’ Mango Pulp: Chlorogenic, Gallic, Protocatechuic and Vanillic Acids

1 Research Center for Food & Development, A.C. (CIAD), Carretera a Ejido La Victoria Km 0.6, Hermosillo Sonora 83304, Mexico 2 Research Department of Polymers & Material Sciences (DIPM), Universidad de Sonora, Calle Rosales y Blvd. Luis Encinas s/n, Col. Centro, P.O. Box 130, Hermosillo Sonora 83000, Mexico 3 Department of Analytical Chemistry, Chemical Faculty, Gdańsk University of Technology, Gdańsk 80952, Poland 4 The Institute for Drug Research, School of Pharmacy, The Hebrew University, Hadassah Medical School, Jerusalem 91120, Israel
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 16 August 2012; in revised form: 16 October 2012 / Accepted: 17 October 2012 / Published: 26 October 2012
(This article belongs to the Section Natural Products)
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Abstract: Phenolic compounds are known to have antioxidant capacity; however, there is little information about molecular interactions between particular phenolics found in fruits at different developmental stages. Therefore, the total antioxidant capacity of the phenolic compounds of a fruit may not correspond to the sum of individual antioxidant capacity given by antioxidants from that tissue. In this study, individual antioxidant capacity and the interactions of four major phenolic compounds (chlorogenic, gallic, protocatechuic and vanillic acid) found in ‘Ataulfo’ mango pulp were tested using the DPPH assay. Significant synergism was found in the majority of the all combinations, as well as the combination of the four phenolics. However, antagonism was also observed between some molecules. This work demonstrated particular interactions that may occur in a complex environment within the complex framework of a natural food. The present results may also assist in the future design of functional foods or ingredients based on their antioxidant activity and their synergistic or antagonist interactions.
Keywords: mango; antioxidants; phenolic acids; interactions

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MDPI and ACS Style

Palafox-Carlos, H.; Gil-Chávez, J.; Sotelo-Mundo, R.R.; Namiesnik, J.; Gorinstein, S.; González-Aguilar, G.A. Antioxidant Interactions between Major Phenolic Compounds Found in ‘Ataulfo’ Mango Pulp: Chlorogenic, Gallic, Protocatechuic and Vanillic Acids. Molecules 2012, 17, 12657-12664.

AMA Style

Palafox-Carlos H, Gil-Chávez J, Sotelo-Mundo RR, Namiesnik J, Gorinstein S, González-Aguilar GA. Antioxidant Interactions between Major Phenolic Compounds Found in ‘Ataulfo’ Mango Pulp: Chlorogenic, Gallic, Protocatechuic and Vanillic Acids. Molecules. 2012; 17(11):12657-12664.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Palafox-Carlos, Hugo; Gil-Chávez, Joana; Sotelo-Mundo, Rogerio R.; Namiesnik, Jacek; Gorinstein, Shela; González-Aguilar, Gustavo A. 2012. "Antioxidant Interactions between Major Phenolic Compounds Found in ‘Ataulfo’ Mango Pulp: Chlorogenic, Gallic, Protocatechuic and Vanillic Acids." Molecules 17, no. 11: 12657-12664.

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