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Molecules 2012, 17(10), 12252-12261; doi:10.3390/molecules171012252

First Example of a Lipophilic Porphyrin-Cardanol Hybrid Embedded in a Cardanol-Based Micellar Nanodispersion

1 Department of Engineering for Innovation, University of Salento, via Arnesano, 73100 Lecce, Italy 2 National Nanotechnology Laboratory (NNL), Institute of Nanoscience CNR, Via Arnesano 16, 73100 Lecce, Italy 3 Chemistry Department, University of Bari “A. Moro”, via Orabona, 4, 70126 Bari, Italy 4 Laboratory of Products and Processes Technology (LPT), Department of Organic and Inorganic Chemistry, Federal University of Ceará, Fortaleza 6021, Brazil
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 27 August 2012 / Revised: 15 October 2012 / Accepted: 16 October 2012 / Published: 18 October 2012
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Tetrapyrroles, Porphyrins and Phthalocyanines)
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Cardanol is a natural and renewable organic raw material obtained as the major chemical component by vacuum distillation of cashew nut shell liquid. In this work a new sustainable procedure for producing cardanol-based micellar nanodispersions having an embedded lipophilic porphyrin itself peripherally functionalized with cardanol substituents (porphyrin-cardanol hybrid) has been described for the first time. In particular, cardanol acts as the solvent of the cardanol hybrid porphyrin and cholesterol as well as being the main component of the nanodispersions. In this way a “green” micellar nanodispersion, in which a high percentage of the micellar system is derived from renewable “functional” molecules, has been produced.
Keywords: cardanol; cholesterol; lipophilic porphyrin; cardanol hybrid; micellar dispersion cardanol; cholesterol; lipophilic porphyrin; cardanol hybrid; micellar dispersion
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).

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Bloise, E.; Carbone, L.; Colafemmina, G.; D’Accolti, L.; Mazzetto, S.E.; Vasapollo, G.; Mele, G. First Example of a Lipophilic Porphyrin-Cardanol Hybrid Embedded in a Cardanol-Based Micellar Nanodispersion. Molecules 2012, 17, 12252-12261.

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