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Molecules 2011, 16(6), 5079-5086; doi:10.3390/molecules16065079
Article

Nematocidal Flavone-C-Glycosides against the Root-Knot Nematode (Meloidogyne incognita) from Arisaema erubescens Tubers

1,* , 1, 2, 1, 2, 2,* , 1 and 3
Received: 20 May 2011; in revised form: 7 June 2011 / Accepted: 15 June 2011 / Published: 20 June 2011
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Abstract: A screening of several Chinese medicinal herbs for nematicidal properties showed that Arisaema erubescens (Wall.) Schott tubers possessed significant nematicidal activity against the root-knot nematode (Meloidogyne incognita). From the ethanol extract, two nematicidal flavone-C-glycosides were isolated by bioassay-guided fractionation. The compounds were identified as schaftoside and isoschaftoside on the basis of their phytochemical and spectral data. Schaftoside and isoschaftoside possessed strong nematicidal activity against M. incognita (LC50 = 114.66 μg/mL and 323.09 μg/mL, respectively) while the crude extract of A. erubescens exhibited nematicidal activity against the root-knot nematode with a LC50 value of 258.11 μg/mL.
Keywords: nematicidal activity; Arisaema erubescens; Meloidogyne incognita; schaftoside; isoschaftoside nematicidal activity; Arisaema erubescens; Meloidogyne incognita; schaftoside; isoschaftoside
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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MDPI and ACS Style

Du, S.S.; Zhang, H.M.; Bai, C.Q.; Wang, C.F.; Liu, Q.Z.; Liu, Z.L.; Wang, Y.Y.; Deng, Z.W. Nematocidal Flavone-C-Glycosides against the Root-Knot Nematode (Meloidogyne incognita) from Arisaema erubescens Tubers. Molecules 2011, 16, 5079-5086.

AMA Style

Du SS, Zhang HM, Bai CQ, Wang CF, Liu QZ, Liu ZL, Wang YY, Deng ZW. Nematocidal Flavone-C-Glycosides against the Root-Knot Nematode (Meloidogyne incognita) from Arisaema erubescens Tubers. Molecules. 2011; 16(6):5079-5086.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Du, Shu Shan; Zhang, Hai Ming; Bai, Chun Qi; Wang, Cheng Fang; Liu, Qi Zhi; Liu, Zhi Long; Wang, Yong Yan; Deng, Zhi Wei. 2011. "Nematocidal Flavone-C-Glycosides against the Root-Knot Nematode (Meloidogyne incognita) from Arisaema erubescens Tubers." Molecules 16, no. 6: 5079-5086.



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