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Fungitoxicity against Botrytis cinerea of a Flavonoid Isolated from Pseudognaphalium robustum
Facultad de Química y Biología, Universidad de Santiago de Chile, Avenida Bernardo O’Higgins 3363, Santiago, Chile
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Received: 8 March 2011; in revised form: 30 April 2011 / Accepted: 5 May 2011 / Published: 9 May 2011
Abstract: The fungotoxicity against Botrytis cinerea of a flavonoid isolated from Pseudognaphalium robustum was analyzed. Two absorption column chromatographies and one semipreparative thin layer chromatography were used to purify the active flavonoid. It was determined, by 1H-NMR spectroscopy and co-elution with standards in HPLC, that this compound was 5,7-dihydroxy-3,8-dimethoxyflavone (gnaphaliin A). To determine the fungitoxicity of the purified compound, the effect on in vitro mycelial growth and conidial germination was studied. The compound concentration that reduced mycelial growth by 50% was 45.5 mg/mL. This compound also partially affected conidial germination of B. cinerea, reduced oxygen consumption by germinating conidia and affected the integrity of plasma membrane. Finally, using cyclic voltammetry, it was shown that the purified flavone had a pro-oxidant effect.
Keywords: antifungal activity; Botrytis cinerea; 5,7-dihydroxy-3,8-dimethoxyflavone; Pseudognaphalium robustum; pro-oxidants
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Cotoras, M.; Mendoza, L.; Muñoz, A.; Yáñez, K.; Castro, P.; Aguirre, M. Fungitoxicity against Botrytis cinerea of a Flavonoid Isolated from Pseudognaphalium robustum. Molecules 2011, 16, 3885-3895.
Cotoras M, Mendoza L, Muñoz A, Yáñez K, Castro P, Aguirre M. Fungitoxicity against Botrytis cinerea of a Flavonoid Isolated from Pseudognaphalium robustum. Molecules. 2011; 16(5):3885-3895.
Cotoras, Milena; Mendoza, Leonora; Muñoz, Alexis; Yáñez, Karen; Castro, Paulo; Aguirre, María. 2011. "Fungitoxicity against Botrytis cinerea of a Flavonoid Isolated from Pseudognaphalium robustum." Molecules 16, no. 5: 3885-3895.