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Molecules 2011, 16(4), 2884-2913; doi:10.3390/molecules16042884

Bismuth(III) Reagents in Steroid and Terpene Chemistry

1,* , 2 and 1
1 Laboratório de Química Farmacêutica, Faculdade de Farmácia da Universidade de Coimbra, Pólo das Ciências da Saúde, Azinhaga de Santa Comba, 3000-548, Coimbra, Portugal 2 Health Sciences Research Centre, Faculdade de Ciências da Saúde, Universidade da Beira Interior, Av. Infante D. Henrique, 6201-506 Covilhã, Portugal
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 10 February 2011 / Revised: 14 March 2011 / Accepted: 29 March 2011 / Published: 4 April 2011
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Organobismuth Chemistry)
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Steroid and terpene chemistry still have a great impact on medicinal chemistry. Therefore, the development of new reactions or “greener” processes in this field is a contemporaneous issue. In this review, the use of bismuth(III) salts, as “ecofriendly” reagents/catalysts, on new chemical processes involving steroids and terpenes as substrates will be focused. Special attention will be given to some mechanistic considerations concerning selected reactions.
Keywords: bismuth(III) salts; catalysis; steroids; terpenes; triterpenoids bismuth(III) salts; catalysis; steroids; terpenes; triterpenoids
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


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Salvador, J.A.R.; Silvestre, S.M.; Pinto, R.M.A. Bismuth(III) Reagents in Steroid and Terpene Chemistry. Molecules 2011, 16, 2884-2913.

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