Molecules 2011, 16(3), 2486-2500; doi:10.3390/molecules16032486
Article

Role of the Morphology and Polyphosphate in Trichoderma harzianum Related to Cadmium Removal

Received: 14 January 2011; in revised form: 2 March 2011 / Accepted: 4 March 2011 / Published: 15 March 2011
(This article belongs to the Section Natural Products)
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Abstract: This study concerns the metabolism of polyphosphate in Trichoderma harzianum, a biocontrol agent with innate resistance against most chemicals used in agriculture, including metals, when grown in the presence of different concentrations of cadmium. The biomass production was affected by the concentration of metal used. Control cultures were able to accumulate polyphosphate under the conditions used. Moreover, the presence of cadmium induced a reduction in polyphosphate content related to the concentration used. The morphological/ultrastructural aspects were characterized by using optical and scanning electron microscopy, and were affected by the heavy metal presence and concentration. The efficiency of cadmium removal revealed the potential of the microorganism for use in remediation. The data indicate the potential for polyphosphate accumulation by the fungus, as well as its degradation related to tolerance/survival in the presence of cadmium ions.
Keywords: polyphosphate; Trichoderma harzianum; cadmium; morphology; ultrastructure
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MDPI and ACS Style

De Freitas Lima, A.; Ferreira de Moura, G.; Barbosa de Lima, M.A.; Mendes de Souza, P.; Alves da Silva, C.A.; De Campos Takaki, G.M.; Do Nascimento, A.E. Role of the Morphology and Polyphosphate in Trichoderma harzianum Related to Cadmium Removal. Molecules 2011, 16, 2486-2500.

AMA Style

De Freitas Lima A, Ferreira de Moura G, Barbosa de Lima MA, Mendes de Souza P, Alves da Silva CA, De Campos Takaki GM, Do Nascimento AE. Role of the Morphology and Polyphosphate in Trichoderma harzianum Related to Cadmium Removal. Molecules. 2011; 16(3):2486-2500.

Chicago/Turabian Style

De Freitas Lima, Adriana; Ferreira de Moura, Gabrielle; Barbosa de Lima, Marcos Antonio; Mendes de Souza, Patrícia; Alves da Silva, Carlos Alberto; De Campos Takaki, Galba Maria; Do Nascimento, Aline Elesbão. 2011. "Role of the Morphology and Polyphosphate in Trichoderma harzianum Related to Cadmium Removal." Molecules 16, no. 3: 2486-2500.

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