Molecules 2011, 16(12), 9827-9837; doi:10.3390/molecules16129827
Article

Chemical and Biological Evaluation of Essential Oils from Two Species of Myrtaceae — Eugenia uniflora L. and Plinia trunciflora (O. Berg) Kausel

1 Instituto de Ciências Ambientais, Químicas e Farmacêuticas, Universidade Federal de São Paulo, Campus Diadema 09972-270, SP, Brasil 2 Centro de Estudos Químicos, UNIFIEO, Centro Universitário FIEO, Osasco 06020-190, SP, Brasil 3 Instituto de Química, Universidade Federal de Alfenas, Alfenas 37130-000, MG, Brasil
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 8 October 2011; in revised form: 18 November 2011 / Accepted: 18 November 2011 / Published: 25 November 2011
(This article belongs to the Section Natural Products)
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Abstract: The chemical composition and antimicrobial activity of essential oils obtained from leaves of two Myrtaceae species–Eugenia uniflora L. and Plinia trunciflora (O. Berg) Kausel–were determined. Analysis by GC/MS as well as determination of Kovatz indexes indicated atractylone (26.78%) and curzerene (17.96%) as major constituents of E. uniflora oil and α-cadinol (19.15%), apiole (11.15%) and cubenol (5.43%) as main components in P. trunciflora oil. Both essential oils were tested for antimicrobial activity against yeasts and bacteria. E. uniflora and P. trunciflora essential oils were active towards two Gram-positive bacteria, Streptococcus equi and Staphylococcus epidermis. In addition, biological activity of both essential oils was detected for pathogenic yeasts of the genus Candida and Cryptococcus. E. uniflora was active towards all yeast tested and exhibited interesting minimal inhibitory concentrations (0.11 to 3.75 mg/mL) across a broad spectrum of activity.
Keywords: Eugenia uniflora L.; Plinia trunciflora (O. Berg) Kausel; essential oils; antimicrobial activity

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MDPI and ACS Style

Lago, J.H.G.; Souza, E.D.; Mariane, B.; Pascon, R.; Vallim, M.A.; Martins, R.C.C.; Baroli, A.A.; Carvalho, B.A.; Soares, M.G.; Santos, R.T.; Sartorelli, P. Chemical and Biological Evaluation of Essential Oils from Two Species of Myrtaceae — Eugenia uniflora L. and Plinia trunciflora (O. Berg) Kausel. Molecules 2011, 16, 9827-9837.

AMA Style

Lago JHG, Souza ED, Mariane B, Pascon R, Vallim MA, Martins RCC, Baroli AA, Carvalho BA, Soares MG, Santos RT, Sartorelli P. Chemical and Biological Evaluation of Essential Oils from Two Species of Myrtaceae — Eugenia uniflora L. and Plinia trunciflora (O. Berg) Kausel. Molecules. 2011; 16(12):9827-9837.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Lago, João Henrique G.; Souza, Elisângela Dutra; Mariane, Bruna; Pascon, Renata; Vallim, Marcelo A.; Martins, Roberto Carlos C.; Baroli, Adriana A.; Carvalho, Bianca A.; Soares, Marisi G.; Santos, Roberta T. dos; Sartorelli, Patricia. 2011. "Chemical and Biological Evaluation of Essential Oils from Two Species of Myrtaceae — Eugenia uniflora L. and Plinia trunciflora (O. Berg) Kausel." Molecules 16, no. 12: 9827-9837.

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